1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Salvia L.
      1. Salvia officinalis L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Germany to S. Europe. It is used to treat skin subcutaneous cellular tissue disorders, unspecified medicinal disorders and respiratory system disorders.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1600 - 2900 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Salvia, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Note
    Native of southern Europe
    Habit
    Aromatic shrub to 60 cm, with pubescent branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves conspicuously petiolate, oblong-elliptic, 2–8 × 0.8–2.5 cm, entire or with a small pair of lobes at base, crenulate, ± densely whitepubescent beneath; verticils 4–8-flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts elliptic, lower ones foliaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 8–10 mm long, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla purplish blue, 15–25 mm long; tube 10–15 mm long; anterior lip broad and slightly longer than the posterior lip.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Cultivated in Colombia.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Ecology
    Alt. 1600 - 2900 m.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Respiratory System Disorders
    Leaves and flowers - Used in liquid medicines to alleviate bad breath (Lagos-López 2007).
    Skin or Subcutaneous Cellular Tissue Disorders
    Leaves and flowers - Used in liquid medicines as an astringent (Lagos-López 2007).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Korea, Libya, Maine, Michigan, Morocco, New York, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Salvia.

    Salvia officinalis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nicholson, G. [1586], Great Britain K000929959 neotype

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 23 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Reales, A., Rivera, D., Palazón, J.A. & Obón, C. (2004). Numerical taxonomy study of Salvia sect. Salvia (Labiatae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145: 353-371.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Lagos-López, M. (2007). Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Stöhr, O. & al. (2012). Beiträge zur Flora von Österreich, IV Stapfia 97: 53-136.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Reales, A., Rivera, D., Palazón, J.A. & Obón, C. (2004). Numerical taxonomy study of Salvia sect. Salvia (Labiatae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145: 353-371.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 345 (1985).
    • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 113 (1974)
    • Jex Blake, Gard. E. Afr., ed. 4: 267 (1957)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 439 (1949)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/