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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria fulvostellata C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Malawi.


    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Perennial suffruticose herb or subshrub 30–150 cm tall; stems with dense golden(-brown) long-armed stellate hairs with a dense fasciculate-stellate (sometimes dendritic) base, often with spreading glandular hairs.
    Leaves ovate, elliptic or suborbicular, 1.8–9 × 1.3–6 cm, base truncate, subcordate, obtuse or cuneate, apex rounded to subattenuate, sometimes abruptly narrowed to a short acumen, surfaces densely long-armed stellate-pubescent, margin sometimes with spreading glandular hairs; lateral veins 3–6 pairs, these and reticulate tertiary venation prominent beneath; petiole 0–17 mm long.
    Inflorescences axillary or clustered towards stem apex to form an interrupted thyrse, each cyme unilateral, 1–4-flowered, sessile or peduncle to 5(9) mm long; bracteoles linear(-lanceolate), narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 7–23 × 0.5–5.5 mm, margin entire, apex ± mucronate; pedicels 0–4.5 mm long.
    Calyx yellow-green to green-brown with darker brown venation, tardily scarious; anterior lobe (oblong-)elliptic to somewhat obovate, 9–18 × 5–12.5 mm, margin entire or minutely denticulate, involute, apex rounded, obtuse or shallowly emarginate, indumentum as leaves, glandular hairs mainly on margins and apex; posterior lobe slightly larger, apex rounded to attenuate, ± mucronulate; lateral lobes lanceolate, ovate or oblong-elliptic, 6–14.5 mm long.
    Corolla 29–50 mm long, pale blue, pink or purple, rarely white, pilose externally with mixed glandular and eglandular hairs; tube cylindrical, 14–29 mm long, ± curved below attachment point of stamens; limb in 2+3 arrangement; abaxial and lateral lobes 12.5–22 × 9–15 mm; adaxial lobes 11–19.5 × 6.5–11.5 mm.
    Stamens attached 8.5–16.5 mm from base of corolla; filaments 12–28 mm long; anthers 3.2–6.2 mm long; lateral staminodes 2–3.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent or pilose and with minute stalked glands, antherodes absent or poorly developed, to 0.6 mm long.
    Ovary pubescent towards apex or only with apical tuft of hairs; style pubescent towards base; stigma clavate to linear, 0.5–1 mm long.
    Capsule 13.5–17 mm long, sparsely pilose towards apex.
    Seeds 4–5 mm long and wide.



    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Barleria fulvostellata C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000394504
    Whyte, A. [181], Malawi K000394505 lectotype


    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 163 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
    • Darbyshire, I. (2009 publ. 2010). The Barleria fulvostellata (Acanthaceae) complex in east Africa Kew Bulletin 64: 673-679. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 342 (2010) in part.
    • —Darbyshire in Kew Bull. 64: 675 (2010) in part.
    • in F.T.A. 5: 163 (1899).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.