1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis glumacea S.Moore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A small herb about 6 in. high with slender stems
    Ecology
    In savanna.
    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect or procumbent annual herb; stems up to 30(–50) cm long, pubescent to pilose or sparsely so, usually only in a single band.
    Leaves
    Leaves: lamina linear to narrowly ovate or narrowly elliptic (widest near base of stems), largest 5–12 × 0.3–1.7(–2.5) cm, margin entire, scabrid, pilose or sparsely so above and on margins, below subglabrous or sparsely pilose along midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes solitary, terminal on a lateral sericeous branch up to 5 cm long, surrounded by reduced leaves, dispersed whole when mature; bracts coriaceous, glabrous and glossy, straw-coloured with purplish bands and blotches, ovate to elliptic, acute to acuminate with straight tip, margin entire, scarious; lower pair 6–9 mm long, second pair 9–13 mm long, third pair 13–19 mm long, inner pair 15–21 mm long; bracteoles absent.
    Calyx
    Sepals coloured as bracts, very finely ciliate, otherwise glabrous; dorsal ovate-elliptic, 14–20 mm long, narrowing gradually to the acute or 2-toothed apex; ventral similar, 12–16 mm long, acuminate or 2-toothed at apex; lateral 9–14 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pale blue or pale mauve; tube 3–5 mm long; limb 11–19 mm long, callus with 3 apical flanges, central usually smaller.
    Filaments
    Filaments 2–6 mm long, glabrous, often purple spotted; appendage 1–4 mm long, broadly rounded; anthers 1.5–4.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–9 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 6 × 6 mm, ovoid.
    Distribution
    Range: Mali, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe Range: Tanzania. Flora districts: T4 T5 T7 T8 Range: Mali, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe
    Ecology
    Brachystegia woodland on grey to orange sandy to loamy soil and rocky outcrops; 900–1700 m

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Blepharis glumacea S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Kassner [3003], Congo K000394182 isotype
    Jan 1, 1997 Welwitsch [5052], Angola K000394257 isotype
    Gossweiler, J. [3591], Angola K001009430
    Bidgood, S. [6229], Tanzania K000468193
    Bidgood, S. [6217], Tanzania K000468208
    Bidgood, S. [5835], Tanzania K000468590
    Bidgood, S. [5752], Tanzania K000468672
    Bidgood, S. [5650], Tanzania K000468774
    Baum, H. [793], Angola K001009429

    First published in J. Bot. 18: 232 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 5: 97.
    • in J. Bot. 18: 232 (1880)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 190 (2000).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • Serengeti Res. Inst. Publ. No. 215: 25 (1976)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 410 (1963)
    • Ann. Transv. Mus. 19: 134 (1937)
    • Suppl. 4: 92 (1932)
    • Contrib. Fl. Katanga 1: 201 (1921)
    • De Wild., Not. Fl. Katanga 3: 24 (1914)
    • Hiern, Cat. Welw. Afr. Pl. 4: 812 (1900)
    • F.T.A. 5: 97 (1899)
    • E. & P. Pf. IV, 3b: 317 (1895)
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 390 (1892)
    • J.B. 18: 232 (1880)
    • Binns, Checklist Herb. Fl. Malawi: 12 91968)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0