1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis grandis C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect (rarely straggling or procumbent) perennial herb with several usually unbranched stems from a woody rootstock; stems up to 1 m long, glabrous to densely pubescent (rarely sericeous).
    Leaves
    Leaves stiff and leathery, glossy, greyish beneath, one pair usually only 1/8–2/3 of the other; lamina narrowly ovate to ovate or narrowly elliptic to elliptic (rarely lanceolate), largest 5–14 × 0.8–3.8 cm, margin toothed (rarely only towards base or some entire), glabrous to sparsely pubescent below, above finely scabrid-puberulous (rarely glabrous or puberulous to pubescent), scabrid on margins.
    Flowers
    Heads on upper part of stems only, subsessile; axis glabrous to pubescent or pilose; floral leaves and outer bracts lanceolate to elliptic, up to 5 cm long, glabrous to pilose, no capitate glands; inner bracts linear-lanceolate to ovate or obovate, up to 2.5(–3) cm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals subglabrous to pubescent, ciliate, no capitate glands; dorsal elliptic-obovate, (16–)20–28 mm long, narrowing gradually to the acuminate to acute apex (rarely with 1–2 small teeth at base of terminal); ventral similar, 16–26 mm long, with 2 acuminate teeth (very rarely also with a central tooth); lateral 13–21 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale blue to bright dark blue or pale to dark bluish purple (very rarely pure white), (21–)25–35 mm long of which the tube 6–10(–12) mm; limb distinctly 3-lobed, callus 3-ribbed and with 3 distinct apical flanges.
    Filaments
    Filaments 6–10 mm long, glabrous; appendage 1–2.5 mm long, broadly rounded, straight; anthers 4–6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 9–10 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed not seen.
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique Range: Tanzania. Flora districts: T1 T4 T5 T7 T8 Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique
    Ecology
    Brachystegia woodland, Combretum and Uapaca bushland, grassland, on a wide range of soils from black clay to loamy or sandy soil or on rocky limestone slopes; 900–2000 m
    Note
    The material from Malawi seem to indicate that here subglabrous and hairy plants can be found in ± the same locality. But the transition seems to be quite gradual, and I find it impossible to separate out any infraspecific taxa. Plants from N Tanzania ( T 1, 4) are much less hairy and have wider bracts and sepals than plants from S Tanzania. Blepharis grandis is normally strictly erect, but when it grows in dense vegetation or continues to grow into the dry season straggling or even decumbent plants develop.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia

    Blepharis grandis C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Whyte, A. [125], Malawi K000394238 syntype
    Jan 1, 1997 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000394239 syntype
    Jan 1, 1997 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000394240 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1997 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000394241 isolectotype
    Bidgood, S. [5641], Tanzania K000468783

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 104 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 266 (2000).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • Serengeti Res. Inst. Publ. No. 215: 25 (1976)
    • Moriarty, Wild Fl. Malawi: 84, pl. 42, 2 (1975)
    • Binns, Check List Herb. Fl. Malawi: 12 (1968)
    • F.T.A. 5: 104 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0