1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis hildebrandtii Lindau

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect to spreading or procumbent subshrub or shrub, often forming cushions; stems up to 75 cm long (occasionally longer if growing through other plants), puberulous or sericeous-puberulous or sparsely so, sometimes only in a broad band.
    Leaves
    Leaves: lamina linear-lanceolate to elliptic, narrowly ovate or narrowly obovate, largest 0.8–4 × 0.2–0.7(–1.2) cm, often only partly developed at time of flowering, margin entire, glabrous to puberulous, scabrid, usually with dense white dots (bulbous bases of hairs that have rubbed off).
    Inflorescences
    Spikes solitary, persistent; bracts oblong or oblong-elliptic, puberulous or sparsely so, pilose along margin near apex, terminating in a recurved bristle and on each side with (1–)3–5(–6) finely scabrid and minutely glochidiate bristles 0.5–6 mm long; lower pair 2–5 mm long, second pair 4–7.5 mm long, third pair 5–10 mm long, inner pair 7–13 mm long; bracteoles (9–)10–17 mm long, with a terminal bristle 2–6 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals puberulous or sparsely so, veins sometimes pubescent, ciliate; dorsal ovate-elliptic or narrowly so, (14–)17–25(–28) mm long, with slightly ligulate apical part or narrowing gradually to the cuspidate to subacute apex (rarely with 1–2 small lateral teeth), apical part purplish to brownish; ventral similar, 13–22 mm long, with two long apical teeth; lateral 9–18 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale blue to deep blue or bluish purple, with darker veins, 19–32 mm long of which the tube 4–7 mm; callus with 3 apical flanges.
    Filaments
    Filaments 6–10 mm long, glabrous; appendage ± 1 mm long, broadly rounded; anthers 3–5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 9–11 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 6 × 5 mm, ovoid.
    Distribution
    Range: Tanzania. Range: Ethiopia Range: Kenya. Flora districts: K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 Range: Ethiopia
    Ecology
    Acacia-Commiphora bushland and grassland, usually on rocky slopes but also on alluvial soils in flat areas; 250–2150 m
    Note
    Even though the original collection is no longer extant, there is no doubt that Blepharis hildebrandtii is the correct name for what has for a long time been called B. fruticulosa. This is the only species occurring around Voi which fits the original description (subshrub, linear white-dotted leaves, large solitary flowers). The neotype fits the diagnosis in all respects except for slightly wider leaves.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania

    Blepharis hildebrandtii Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 29 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.E.E. 5: 361 (2006).
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 163 (2000)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 274 (1994)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 388 & pl. 847 (1987)
    • E. & P. Pf. IV, 3b: 317 (1895)
    • P.O.A. C: 369 (1895)
    • E.J. 20: 29 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0