1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis ilicifolia Napper

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Procumbent perennial herb with several stems from woody rootstock; stems up to 30 cm long, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves leathery, glossy, smaller ± 2/3 of larger; lamina ovate to elliptic, largest 1.5–4.8 × 0.7–1.9 cm, margin entire or some with 1–2 small teeth per side, pubescent or sparsely so beneath (densest on midrib), subglabrous to sparsely pubescent above, ciliate.
    Flowers
    Heads on upper part of stems, globose, subsessile; axes finely puberulous and with sparse to dense capitate glands; floral leaves and outer bracts lanceolate to elliptic, up to 18 mm long, indumentum similar; inner bracts similar, up to 32 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals purplish towards tip, puberulous and with scattered capitate glands (densest towards base), ciliate; dorsal ovate-elliptic, 18–29 mm long (mucro 1–2 mm), narrowing gradually to the acuminate apex, no lateral teeth; ventral similar, 18–26 mm long, with slightly ligulate apical part, with 2(–3) acuminate teeth 2–4 mm long, no lateral teeth; lateral 15–21 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale blue to bright blue, (22–)26–33 mm long of which the tube 4–8 mm; limb obovate-spathulate, 14–22 mm wide, distinctly 3-lobed, hairy all over upper surface; callus with 3 equally strong ribs.
    Filaments
    Filaments 5–9 mm long, glabrous or sparsely glandular; appendage 0.5–1.5 mm long, broadly rounded; anthers 3.5–5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule and seed not seen.
    Distribution
    Range: Tanzania. Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: T7 Range: Not known elsewhere
    Ecology
    Montane grassland, lawns; 1750–1950 m
    Note
    Its habit has enabled it to survive and even prosper on the fairways of the golf-course at Mufindi. Immediately recognisable by the combination of procumbent habit, broad leathery leaves and the very fine glandular indumentum on bracts and sepals. Only known from nine collections from two small areas in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. This is the only area where it has been collected recently and a large healthy population is still found here.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Blepharis ilicifolia Napper appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Milne-Redhead, E. [11060], Tanzania K000394322 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 330 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 269 (2000).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • K.B. 24: 330 (1970)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0