1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis integrifolia (L.f.) E.Mey. & Drège ex Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Cape Prov., India to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Procumbent mat-forming perennial herb with woody rootstock; stems up to 35 cm long, puberulous or sparsely so or sparsely to densely finely sericeous (rarely subglabrous).
    Leaves
    Leaves: lamina linear to elliptic or slightly obovate, largest 1–4 × 0.2–1.2 cm, margin entire, subglabrous with scabrid edges or with scattered (rarely dense) long pilose hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes solitary, dispersed whole when mature; bracts straw-coloured to greenish, elliptic-oblong to obovate (rarely ovate), uniformly finely puberulous (rarely also glandular), usually puberulous along midrib and at base of bristles, terminating in a recurved bristle and on each side with 4–5(–6) finely scabrid and glochidiate bristles 1–2(–3) mm long; lower pair 2–3 mm long, second pair 3–6 mm long, third pair 5–8 mm long, inner pair 7–12 mm long; bracteoles 8–12(–15) mm long, with a terminal glochidiate bristle.
    Calyx
    Sepals finely puberulous (very rarely also glandular) and pilose-ciliate; dorsal oblong, 10–14(–19) mm long, with slightly ligulate apical part or narrowing gradually to the acute to truncate apex, sometimes with two small lateral teeth; ventral similar, 10–12(–16) mm long, with two broad apical teeth; lateral 7–11 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue to mauve or purple with darker veins, 10–18 mm long of which the tube 2–3 mm long; callus with central apical flange.
    Filaments
    Filaments 3–5 mm long, glabrous; appendage ± 0.5 mm long, broadly rounded; anthers 1.5–2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 7–9 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 6 × 4 mm, ovoid.
    Distribution
    Range: Kenya. Range: Uganda. Range: Also in India Range: Tanzania. Flora districts: U1 U2 K1 K 2 K3 K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 Range: Sudan, Ethiopia, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Angola, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa; Range: Also in India
    Ecology
    Grassland and open Acacia bushland, usually on clayey or loamy soil but occasionally on gravelly or stony soil; (200–)700–1900 m
    Note
    But in the material from southern Africa other combinations of these characters occur, and at the moment it seems wisest not to recognise any infraspecific taxa. Gillett 13663 from K 1, Moyale differs from all other East African collections in having scattered stalked capitate glands on bracts and sepals and also has very long bracteoles and sepals (maximum dimensions in the description), It is also said to grow in ""montane scrub"". The Uganda material usually has appressed indumentum or is subglabrous and usually has no long pilose hairs on the leaves. The Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania material has spreading indumentum and long pilose hairs on the leaves. More material is needed to decide if this collection represents a distinct taxon. Large bracts and sepals have been seen in material from southern Africa, but the capitate glands are unique in Sect. Blepharis, and have never been seen in any other collection.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Blepharis integrifolia (L.f.) E.Mey. & Drège ex Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2018], Angola K001009432
    Menezes, A. [3346], Angola K001009431
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2514], India Blepharis molluginifolia K001116321
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2514] Blepharis molluginifolia K001116322
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2514] Blepharis molluginifolia K001116323
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2514] Blepharis molluginifolia K001116324

    First published in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 60: 416 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.E.E. 5: 361 (2006).
    • Biol. Skr. 51(2): 438 (2005)
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 173 (2000)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 274 (1994)
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 441 (1985)
    • U.K.W.F.: 579 (1974)
    • E.P.A.: 951 (1964)
    • F.P.N.A. 2: 289 (1947)
    • Ann. Transv. Mus. 19: 130 (1937)
    • Viert. Nat. Ges. Zürich 60: 416 (1915)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/