1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis katangensis De Wild.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect (rarely procumbent) single-stemmed unbranched (rarely branched) annual herb; stems up to 60 cm long, sparsely to densely pilose with shiny many-celled hairs, sometimes also with a band of puberulous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves: some or all whorls with one pair more than 5 times longer than the other, but some often subequal; lamina narrowly ovate or narrowly elliptic, largest 6.5–22 × 0.5–1.9 cm, margin of larger with 3–13 widely spaced teeth per side, of smaller with 3–5 larger teeth per side, sparsely pubescent (or pilose along midrib), hispid-puberulous above.
    Flowers
    Heads dense, near top of stems; peduncle (0.5–)1–7(–12) cm long, usually ± deflexed, indumentum as stems; axes puberulous to pubescent, with capitate glands; floral leaves and outer bracts narrowly ovate to narrowly elliptic, up to 7(–9) cm long, pubescent to pilose, ± capitate glands; inner bracts similar, up to 23 mm long, with capitate glands.
    Calyx
    Sepals puberulous to pubescent (often also with long shiny many-celled hairs), with capitate glands; upper ovate, 20–27 mm long, narrowing gradually to apex or with slightly ligulate apical part, apex acute, lateral teeth absent; lower narrowly ovate-elliptic, 17–24 mm long, not ligulate, bifid, usually also with 1(–2) central teeth and with 1–3 lateral teeth per side; lateral 18–26 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue to dark blue or mauve, 18–26 mm long of which the tube 5–8 mm; limb very indistinctly lobed, without capitate glands below, callus with 3 equally strong ribs and 3 large apical flanges (or central weaker).
    Filaments
    Filaments 4–7 mm long, sparsely glandular; tooth 1–1.5 mm long, rounded, curved or straight; anthers 3–4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ± 13 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed ± 11 × 7 mm.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Range: Tanzania. Flora districts: T2 T4 T5 T7 T8 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi
    Ecology
    Acacia-Brachystegia boehmii wooded grassland on clay, grassland on black cotton soil, on wet mud at edge of pools, roadsides; 850–1750 m
    Note
    It also has a very indistinctly lobed corolla limb with the two lateral lobes almost absent. This species has very large fruits and seeds for a species in sect. Scorpioidea.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Blepharis katangensis De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [6189], Tanzania K000468235
    Bidgood, S. [6041], Tanzania K000468384
    Bidgood, S. [5334], Tanzania K000190564

    First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 4, 1: 146 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 284 (2000).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • Suppl. 5: 54 (1933)
    • Suppl. 4: 92 (1932)
    • Contrib. Fl. Katanga: 201 (1921)
    • Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., ser. 4, 1: 146 (1903)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0