1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Blepharis Juss.
      1. Blepharis menocotyle Milne-Redh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 1), Kaj Vollesen, Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2008

    Habit
    Erect unbranched (rarely branched) single-stemmed annual herb; stems up to 20 cm long, hispid-pubescent or sparsely so when young and with a band of puberulous hairs (rarely subglabrous).
    Leaves
    Leaves subequal or smaller down to 2/3 of larger; lamina linear-lanceolate to narrowly ovate or narrowly elliptic, largest 5–19(–23) × 0.2–1.5(–2) cm, margin entire, glabrous to sparsely hispid-puberulous or -pubescent, densest along midrib, scabrid on margins.
    Flowers
    Heads globose, in axils of cotyledons or towards tip of stems, more rarely along whole length, subsessile; axes sericeous or sparsely so; floral leaves and outer bracts lanceolate to narrowly ovate, up to 2 cm long, with up to 4 spreading teeth per side, subglabrous to finely sericeous (sometimes pubescent to pilose along veins) and with few to many capitate glands, ciliate, with central and 2 lateral veins but without transverse ladder-like veins; inner bracts similar, up to 1.5 cm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals uniformly sericeous-puberulous or sparsely so, with usually dense long capitate glands; dorsal ovate or narrowly so, 15–24 mm long, narrowing gradually to apex or with slightly ligulate apical part, apex acute to truncate, with large central tooth and without or with 2(–4) small subterminal teeth, no lateral teeth, secondary veins conspicuously raised, leaving under straight narrow angles; ventral elliptic-obovate, 13–19 mm long, not ligulate, deeply bifid (teeth 5–7 mm long), with 1–2 central teeth and 1–3 lateral teeth per side, veins similar; lateral 13–20 mm long, with 3–7 small apical teeth.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue or mauve, 12–16 mm long of which the tube 3–5 mm; limb obovate-spathulate, 5–7 mm wide, deeply 3-lobed; callus with 2 strong lateral ribs, central almost absent; filaments 2–4 mm long, sparsely glandular; appendage ± 1 mm long, rounded, strongly curved; anthers 2–3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–11 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed 6–8 × 4–6 mm.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Range: Tanzania. Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Flora districts: T4
    Ecology
    In tall mature Brachystegia woodland on sandy to loamy soil; 950–1350 m
    Note
    In Shaba province of Congo Blepharis menocotyle has been recorded as an indicator-species for soils with high contents of cobalt, copper and manganese.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Blepharis menocotyle Milne-Redh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1997 Milne-Redhead, E. [537], Zambia K000394235 holotype

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 32: t. 3198 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Vollesen, Blepharis: 281 (2000).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 473 (1997)
    • Hook., Ic. Pl. 32: t. 3198 (1933)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0