1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Abrus Adans.
      1. Abrus melanospermus Hassk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by D.K. Harder

    Habit
    Subshrub to liane prostrate to twining ascending, with woody stems up to 6 m long. Subshrub to liane prostrate to twining ascending, with woody stems up to 6 m long.
    Roots
    Rootstock usually woody, fibrous or rhizomatous. Rootstock usually woody, fibrous or rhizomatous.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous to densely spreading-pubescent to appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured. Stems glabrous to densely spreading-pubescent to appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured.
    Leaves
    Leaves (10)12–38-foliolate; petiole short to more than 2 cm long; leaflets 0.35–5 × 0.1–2 cm, oblong to oblong-obovate, truncate or broadly rounded and with a short stiff point at the apex, truncate to rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous to densely silky pilose on upper surface, glabrescent to densely silky pilose beneath; stipels minute, c.1 mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, subulate, caducous. Leaves (10)12–38-foliolate; petiole short to more than 2 cm long; leaflets 0.35–5 × 0.1–2 cm, oblong to oblong-obovate, truncate or broadly rounded and with a short stiff point at the apex, truncate to rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous to densely silky pilose on upper surface, glabrescent to densely silky pilose beneath; stipels minute, c.1 mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, subulate, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 2.5–24 cm long; flowers subsessile in fascicles on cushion-like short shoots; bracts and bracteoles minute, under 1 mm long. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 2.5–24 cm long; flowers subsessile in fascicles on cushion-like short shoots; bracts and bracteoles minute, under 1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.5–3 mm long, subtruncate, shallowly lobed or distinctly toothed, appressed-pubescent, indumentum rust-coloured to silvery. Calyx 1.5–3 mm long, subtruncate, shallowly lobed or distinctly toothed, appressed-pubescent, indumentum rust-coloured to silvery.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream, yellow, orange, carmine-red, to purple, usually pale pink, drying yellowish, 8–15 mm long. Corolla white, cream, yellow, orange, carmine-red, to purple, usually pale pink, drying yellowish, 8–15 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.2–7(9) × 0.8–1.5 cm, oblong or linear-oblong, compressed, smooth, sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured. Pods 2.2–7(9) × 0.8–1.5 cm, oblong or linear-oblong, compressed, smooth, sparsely to densely appressed-pubescent, the indumentum greyish or rust-coloured.
    Seeds
    Seeds greyish- or deep red-brown, sometimes speckled with violet or darker brown, 4–6 × (2)3–4.5 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong or pyriform, usually strongly compressed, arranged with longest dimension across the pod; rim aril minute with a conspicuous remnant cartilaginous funicle. Seeds greyish- or deep red-brown, sometimes speckled with violet or darker brown, 4–6 × (2)3–4.5 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong or pyriform, usually strongly compressed, arranged with longest dimension across the pod; rim aril minute with a conspicuous remnant cartilaginous funicle.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 290 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Somalia-Masai woodland, Zambezian woodland, Zambezian forest, Guineo-Congolian forest., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central

    Abrus melanospermus Hassk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hunt, D.R. [5647], Brazil Abrus pulchellus K000921889
    Lewis, G.P. [1514], Brazil Abrus pulchellus K000921892
    Milliken, W. [799], Brazil Abrus pulchellus K000921891
    Ratter, J.A. [5382], Brazil Abrus pulchellus K000921888
    s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa Abrus pulchellus K000264854 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5819] Abrus pulchellus K001122265
    Thwaites, G.H.K. [1467], Sri Lanka Abrus pulchellus K000898367 Unknown type material
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5819] Abrus pulchellus K001122264
    s.coll. [s.n.], Nepal Abrus pulchellus K000898368
    s.coll. [5819] Abrus pulchellus K000898369
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Abrus pulchellus K000921890
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5819] Abrus pulchellus K001122263

    First published in Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 282 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Harder in Novon 10: 124 (2000).
    • Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor: 282 (1844).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0