1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Abrus Adans.
      1. Abrus precatorius L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Taiwan and Peninsula Malaysia, N. & E. Australia.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A woody twining shrub
    Inflorescences
    Rather stout racemes of pinkish-yellow flowers
    Fruits
    Clustered fruits which burst, exposing the brilliant red black seeds.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 2500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Hierba, arbusto, trepadora
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosai
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Bead Vine, Black-eyed Susan, Cascavelle, Chirmi, Crab's Eyes, Crab's-eye Vine, Diridamu, Graine Diable, Graine Rouge, Graines D'Eglise, Gunchi, Gwen Leglise, Herbe de Diable, Indian Liqourice, Indian Liquorice, Jequirity, Jequirity Bean, Jiquiriti, John C
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Woody climber 1–4.5 m. tall, stems often attaining over 1.5 cm. in diameter.
    Stem
    Stems usually greenish, sparsely adpressed or somewhat spreading pubescent or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 16–34-foliolate; petiole 0.5–1.8 cm. long; leaflets deciduous, oblong, obovate-oblong or ovate, 0.6–2.7 cm. long, 3–10 mm. wide, obtuse to acuminate at the apex, rounded or subcordate at the base, glabrous or glabrescent above, sparsely adpressed pubescent or puberulous beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences thick and robust, 2–7 cm. long; peduncles 1.5–6 cm. long; flowers subsessile in dense fascicles; bracts and bracteoles 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely puberulous, 3 mm. long, denticulate.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, white, pink or mauve, 0.9–1.5 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, somewhat swollen, 2–4(–5) cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide, with a hooked beak, covered with dense short ferrugineous adpressed hairs, smooth or densely covered with tubercles forming transverse ridges.
    Seeds
    Seeds (1)3–7, scarlet with black area around the hilum or very rarely entirely black or yellowish, ovoid, longest dimension 5–7 mm., shorter dimension 4–5 mm., glabrous and shining, usually remaining attached to the edges of the opened valves for some time.
    Distribution
    As above with addition of tropical Asia, Australia and Pacific Is.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Domestic, Fibre, Food and Drink, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Weed

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Pakistan, Queensland, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Marquesas, Mauritius, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Niue, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sumatera, Suriname, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

    Abrus precatorius L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [IMM 172], Lesser Sunda Is. K000733728
    Oct 3, 2006 Hamilton, M.A. [495], Turks and Caicos Is. 65236.000
    Oct 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11644], Cameroon K000338247
    Oct 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5112], Cameroon K000338265
    Oct 1, 2005 Onana, J.-M. [2841], Cameroon K000338248
    May 1, 1995 Souza, V. [419], Brazil K000921911
    Jan 1, 1995 Pirani, J.R. [3339], Brazil K000921910
    Apr 5, 1990 Leoni, L.S. [991], Brazil K000921913
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [10271], Bahia K000206069
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [10272], Bahia K000206070
    Harley, R.M. [171282], Bahia K000206071
    Harley, R.M. [171281], Bahia K000206072
    Harley, R.M. [17128], Bahia K000206074
    Jeffrey, C. [531], Seychelles 22909.000
    Carvalho, A.M. [1450], Bahia K000206068
    Carvalho, A.M. [2730], Bahia K000206073
    Klitgaard, B.B. [95], Brazil K000921912
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5818], Malaysia K001122258
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5818], Myanmar K001122261
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5818], Myanmar K001122262
    Gardner [2452], Brazil K000921914
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818] K001122252
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818] K001122253
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818] K001122254
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818] K001122255
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818], India K001122256
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818], India K001122257
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818], Thailand K001122259
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818] K001122260
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5818], India K001122266

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2: 472 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
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    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Monteiro de Barros, A.A., de Andrade Ribas, L. & Dunn Araujo, D.S. (2009). Trepadeiras do Parque Estadual da Serra do Tiririca, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Rodriguésia 60: 681-694.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

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    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
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    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
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    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Monteiro de Barros, A.A., de Andrade Ribas, L. & Dunn Araujo, D.S. (2009). Trepadeiras do Parque Estadual da Serra do Tiririca, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Rodriguésia 60: 681-694.
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    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

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    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/