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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Aeschynomene L.
      1. Aeschynomene indica L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An undershrub 2–4 ft. high
    Flowers
    Pale yellow, faintly striate flowers
    Ecology
    In muddy places near rivers and swamps.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Habit
    Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems mostly slender, c. 5 mm wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(70)-foliolate; leaflets 3–13 × 1–3 mm, linear-oblong, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm long; stipules 3–15 × 1–3.5 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; peduncle 8–21 mm long; rhachis 1.5–6 cm long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm long; bracts 3.5–6 × l.5–2.5 mm, mostly ovate, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles 2.5–4.5 × 1–2 mm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, ciliolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped; lips 4–6 × 2–3 mm, oblong, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, 7–10 × 4–7 mm, elliptic; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2.4–4.8 cm long excluding the 6–9 mm stipe, linear, straight or slightly curved, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles 3–5 mm long and wide, oblong, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, 2.8 × 2.5 × 1.3–1.8 mm, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems mostly slender, ± 5 mm. wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm. wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(–70)-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblong, 0.3–1.3 cm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm. long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, 0.3–1.5 cm. long, 1–3.5 mm. wide, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; rhachis 1.5–6 cm. long; peduncle 0.8–2.1 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm. long; bracts mostly ovate, 3.5–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2.5–4.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, acuminate, ciliolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped, the lips oblong, 4–6 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, elliptic, 0.7–1 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.
    Fruits
    Pods linear, straight or slightly curved, 2.4–4.8 cm. long excluding the 6–9 mm. stipe, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles oblong, 3–5 mm. long and wide, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum, longest dimension 2.8 mm., shorter dimension 2.5 mm., 1.3–1.8 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 54/4, p. 366.
    Habitat
    Mostly in wet places, floodplain grassland, flats, pans, swamp margins, pools in Acacia, etc. wooded grassland, desert grassland, bushland or woodland; sometimes on black saline clay soils and also in pools on and crevices in granite and other rocky outcrops; 15–1530 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal, Ethiopia and N. Somali Republic to South Africa (Transvaal) and South West AfricaS. Tomé, Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia, Australia and N. America K1 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Sudanian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Somalia-Masai freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Zambezian grasslan
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Didhen, Dyia-siyambala, Hamoka, Heen-diya-siyambala, Laugauni, Phulan, Sensitive Vetch, Sola
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Weed, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Brazil South, Ecuador, Fiji, Greece, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Aeschynomene indica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 14, 2009 Chin, S.C. [3349], Malaya K000564523
    Apr 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [8313], Angola K001294223
    Apr 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [8313], Angola K001294224
    Apr 1, 1960 Welwitsch [2172], Angola K000417968
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5665] Aeschynomene diffusa K001121634
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5665] Aeschynomene diffusa K001121635

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 713 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25 Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Léonard in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 259, fig. 18 C.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 286
    • Chev. Bot. 186
    • —F.T.A. 2: 147

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25 Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 580 (1958).
    • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 259, fig. 18/C (1954).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 319 (1948).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 286 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 147 (1871).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 713 (1753).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
    • Lock, J. M. (1989). Legumes of Africa:a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Deb, D. B. (1981). The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Uphof, J. C. Th. (1968). Dictionary of economic Plants. 2nd ed. Verlag von Cramer, Lehre
    • Maheshwari, J. K. (1963). The Flora of Delhi

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0