Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transitional zone; wooded grassland., Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition z
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

[FZ]

Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, usually with several erect sparingly branched stems, usually 1–2(3) m tall; stems hollow, ribbed, appressed pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3(rarely 5)-foliolate; leaflets mostly 2–14(20) × 1–6 cm, linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic, elliptic or obovate, pubescent beneath; petiole (0.7)2–6 cm long; stipules (3)6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 15–50 cm long, many-flowered; bracts 6–11 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caudate; bracteoles on the pedicel, 2–5 mm long, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 9–12 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube or longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard subcircular, yellow, veined and suffused purplish at the base inside, glabrous or with a few hairs at the apex outside; wings oblong-obovate, longer than the keel, dark mark at the base; keel 1.2–1.5 cm long, rounded, with a short incurved twisted beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod shortly stipitate, 4.5–6.5 × 1.5–2 cm, broadly oblong-clavate, glabrous (in the Flora Zambesiaca area), c. 26–34-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 4 mm long, oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, smooth or papillose around the hilum, iron-grey.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, usually with several erect sparingly branched stems, up to 1–2·7 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems hollow, ribbed, appressed pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-folio-late; leaflets linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic, elliptic or obovate, up to 1·8–14 cm. long, (1·4–)2·5–6 cm. wide, glabrous above, thinly to densely appressed pubescent beneath; petiole shallow and broadly grooved, up to 2·5–4(–6) cm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear-lanceolate, up to 6–9 mm. long, deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes shortly and stoutly pedunculate, up to 20–50 cm. long, with many fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts linear-lanceolate, caudate, up to 8–11 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the upper half of the pedicel, filiform, 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 9–12 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, subglabrous to appressed pubescent; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube or a little longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard suborbicular, yellow, veined and suffused with maroon or purple at the base inside, veined and sometimes diffused outside, glabrous or with a few hairs at the apex outside; wings oblong-obovate, longer than the keel, dark marked at the base; keel rounded about the middle, with a short incurved twisted beak, 12–15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod shortly stipitate, broadly oblong-clavate, up to 52–60 mm. long, 18–20 mm. across, glabrous (occasionally hairy in Ethiopia), ± 26–34-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, ± 4 mm. long, smooth or papillose around the hilum, iron-grey.
Habitat
Grassland, sometimes extending into bushland and to forest margins and, particularly at lower altitudes, to marshy places, also persisting on cultivated ground; 850–2550 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 widespread from Eritrea west to Nigeria and south to Angola and the Transvaal

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb or undershrub, 3–6 ft. high, with ribbed stems
Morphology General Indumentum
Shortly brownish-pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow, strongly brown-purple veined.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crotalaria recta Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1974 Schimper [1894] K000412728
Milne-Redhead, E. [4516], Zambia 9247.000
Lely, H.V. [378], Nigeria K000412868
Brunt, M.A. [543], Cameroon K000093024
Brunt, M.A. [675], Cameroon K000093026
Brunt, M.A. [581], Cameroon K000093027
Ujor, E.U. [30440], Cameroon K000087263
Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41077], Cameroon K000087262

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 152 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 153, t. 9.
  • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 352
  • —F.T.A. 2: 40

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 147 (1962).
  • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 56 (1962).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 550 (1958).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 153, t. 9 (1953).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 188 (1952).
  • Verdoorn in Fl. Pl. Afr., t. 1104 (1951).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 416 (1949).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 276 (1948).
  • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 393 (1928).
  • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 352 (1914).
  • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
  • Engl., HochgebirgsfL Trop. Afr.: 247 (1892).
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 40 (1871).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 152 (1847).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0