Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dalbergia L.f.
      1. Dalbergia bracteolata Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae byJ.M. Lock*

    Corolla
    Standard c.5 mm long, broadly obovate to subcircular, emarginate, subcordate at the base, claw c.2 mm long; wings as long as the standard, claw 2.5 mm long; keel petals somewhat shorter than the wings, free, slightly overlapping at the apex, claw 3 mm long. Standard c.5 mm long, broadly obovate to subcircular, emarginate, subcordate at the base, claw c.2 mm long; wings as long as the standard, claw 2.5 mm long; keel petals somewhat shorter than the wings, free, slightly overlapping at the apex, claw 3 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens connate in a single bundle. Stamens connate in a single bundle.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3–4-ovulate, pilose on the midrib and suture; style 0.8 mm long; stipe c.3 mm long, puberulous.
    Fruits
    Pod flat, 1–2-seeded, 3.5–5.5 × 1.5 cm, thin and stiff to coriaceous, rounded or obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base, smooth, yellowish-red over the seeds; stipe 3–4 mm long. Pod flat, 1–2-seeded, 3.5–5.5 × 1.5 cm, thin and stiff to coriaceous, rounded or obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base, smooth, yellowish-red over the seeds; stipe 3–4 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seed 6–8 × 4.5 × 2 mm; testa blackish-brown, glossy. Seed 6–8 × 4.5 × 2 mm; testa blackish-brown, glossy.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania, Kenya and Madagascar.
    Ecology
    Coastal thickets and bush grassland; 10–300 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: A widespread taxon, in a specific but extensive habitat. Lower Risk, Least Concern.
    Habit
    Climbing or scandent shrub or liane up to 6 m tall, occasionally with side branches on older wood becoming hooked or coiled and tendril-like, deciduous; branchlets reddish-brown, smooth or with sparse rather small lenticels. Climbing or scandent shrub or liane up to 6 m tall, occasionally with side branches on older wood becoming hooked or coiled and tendril-like, deciduous; branchlets reddish-brown, smooth or with sparse rather small lenticels.
    Indumentum
    Young parts ± sparsely pilose, very soon becoming glabrous. Young parts ± sparsely pilose, very soon becoming glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 12 cm long; petiole 1–2 cm long, rachis 4–8 cm long; petiolules 1.5–3 mm long; leaflets (2)3–5(6) on each side of the rachis, 1.8–5 × 1.5–3 cm, ovate to elliptic, acuminate-acute or blunt, sometimes emarginate at the apex, rounded at the base, sparsely appressed-pubescent beneath; lateral nerves in 3–5 pairs, these and the reticulation scarcely visible on either surface; stipules 3–8 mm long, subfalcate, caducous. Leaves up to 12 cm long; petiole 1–2 cm long, rachis 4–8 cm long; petiolules 1.5–3 mm long; leaflets (2)3–5(6) on each side of the rachis, 1.8–5 × 1.5–3 cm, ovate to elliptic, acuminate-acute or blunt, sometimes emarginate at the apex, rounded at the base, sparsely appressed-pubescent beneath; lateral nerves in 3–5 pairs, these and the reticulation scarcely visible on either surface; stipules 3–8 mm long, subfalcate, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary and terminal panicles 3–8 cm long, very sparsely pilose, soon glabrous; bracts 1–1.5 mm long, bracteoles 1.5–3 mm long, caducous at anthesis. Inflorescence of axillary and terminal panicles 3–8 cm long, very sparsely pilose, soon glabrous; bracts 1–1.5 mm long, bracteoles 1.5–3 mm long, caducous at anthesis.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, scented, 5–6 mm long. Flowers white, scented, 5–6 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4 mm long, deeply bilabiate, glabrous; upper teeth broad, shallow-lobed, the others very narrow, the lateral ones rather small ± hidden under the lower one which is c.2.5 mm long, acute. Calyx 4 mm long, deeply bilabiate, glabrous; upper teeth broad, shallow-lobed, the others very narrow, the lateral ones rather small ± hidden under the lower one which is c.2.5 mm long, acute.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3–4-ovulate, pilose on the midrib and suture; style 0.8 mm long; stipe c.3 mm long, puberulous.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub, often scandent with aid of modified coiled branchlets from the older nodes, 3–7.5 m. tall; bark turning grey, striate, apparently not becoming very rough.
    Branches
    Branchlets subglabrous to crisped-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 6–15 cm. long; stipules oblong or oblanceolate, sometimes slightly curved, bluntly pointed, 4–10 mm. long, often subpersistent; lateral leaflets 3–5 on either side of rhachis, ovate-lanceolate, ovate or elliptic, 2.5–6 cm. long, 1.2–3 cm. wide, acuminate, rounded at base, subglabrous or appressed pubescent particularly beneath; primary lateral nerves ± 7–10(–12) on either side of midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles on leafy shoots, lax, 4–10 cm. long, many-flowered; axes subglabrous to pubescent; bracts oblong-elliptic to spathulate, 1–3 mm. long, often somewhat persistent; bracteoles at top of slender 1.5–3 mm. long pedicel, rather smaller and narrower.
    Calyx
    Calyx with the lateral lobes not or scarcely developed, thus 2-lipped, 4–5 mm. long, glabrous to thinly pubescent (particularly in Madagascar).
    Corolla
    Corolla 6.5–8 mm. long, white or cream, fragrant; standard elliptic-oblong to oblong-obovate, ± abruptly contracted to the well-developed claw, glabrous; wings practically as long as standard and shortly exceeding keel.
    Stamens
    Stamens 9–10, all united or the vexillary stamen free.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong-elliptic or oblong, narrowed at either end, with the short stipe 4.2–6.8 cm. long, 1.3–1.8 cm. wide, chartaceous, not much thickened over the seed-cavity but outer layer in this region darker coloured, becoming peripherally cracked and partially detached, dull brown, glabrous, very obscurely veined, 1–2-seeded.
    Figures
    Fig. 20/2, 6, p. 97.
    Habitat
    Coastal and deciduous thicket (sometimes as developed under Brachystegia); 0–840 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T6 T8 Z northern Mozambique
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Shrub
    Vernacular
    Felangoaka, Vahinta, Vahintaha, Vahintala, Vahita

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dalbergia bracteolata Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1966 Goetze, W. [31] K000379240 isotype
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000379239 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 234 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —Polhill in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 110, fig.20/2, 6 (1971).
    • —Baker f., Legum. Trop. Africa: 528 (1929).
    • in F.T.A. 2: 234 (1871) in part, excl. Zambesian plants and pod description.

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 360 (1961).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 528 (1929).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 217 (1895), pro parte.
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 234 (1871), pro parte, excl. descr. legumin. et specim. Zambesiaca.

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/