1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Delonix Raf.
      1. Delonix elata (L.) Gamble

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to Tanzania, S. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 2.5–15 m. high, with rounded-spreading crown; bark rather smooth, buff or grey.
    Leaves
    Leaves with 2–12 pairs of pinnae; leaflets (8–)11–25 pairs, linear-oblong, 4–17 mm. long, 1.25–4 mm. wide, usually rounded at apex, appressed-puberulous on both surfaces.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of 5–20-flowered (or more) racemes, puberulous to densely pubescent (including the calyces outside).
    Corolla
    Petals 1.6–3.8 cm. long, 1.8–4.2 cm. wide; the upper one smaller than the rest, pale yellow; the remainder white; later all turning apricot; all with their lamina ± rounded in outline or shortly pointed at apex and irregularly erose-lacerate and crisped on margins.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments (3–)6–11 cm. long, red.
    Ovary
    Ovary silky to pubescent or tomentose all over outside.
    Fruits
    Pods 13–25 cm. long, 2.1–3.7 cm. wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/1–5, p. 24.
    Habitat
    Deciduous thickets and bushland; 430–1400 m., perhaps higher
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 in the eastern Congo Republic, and northwards from the Flora area to Egyptalso in Arabia and extending to India
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Creamy Peacock Flower, Vatham-nairaini, Vatham-rasi, White Gul Mohur, Yellow Gul-Mohur
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Tree 2.5–15 m high with rounded spreading crown and rather smooth, buff or grey bark.
    Stem
    Young stems thinly appressed-pubescent to densely spreading-pubescent, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole and rachis together (4)8–20 cm long; pinnae 2–12 pairs; pinna rachis (0.5)1–9 cm long; leaflets (8)11–25 pairs, 4–17 × (1)1.5–4(4) mm, oblong, ± rounded at the apex, asymmetrical at the base, finely appressed-pubescent on both surfaces, sometimes glabrescent above; stipules subulate, up to 3 mm long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes short, the axis up to 5 cm long and ± densely appressed- or spreading-pubescent, each with about 5–20 flowers; bracts up to 3.5 × 2.5 mm, but usually falling at a very early stage, ovate, densely pubescent; pedicels 1.5–3.5(5) cm long.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium including a narrow basal part 1–4 mm long abruptly expanded above into a conspicuous campanulate part 3–7(8) mm long, the whole on the outside finely pubescent with appressed grey hairs to densely brown-tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1.2–3.3(4) cm long, lanceolate to oblong, tapering above to an ± acute apex, similar to the hypanthium in pubescence.
    Corolla
    Petals 1.6–3.2(3.8) cm long, the upper one smaller than the others and yellow to orange, the others white but fading to yellow or orange, all ± lacerate and crisped at the upper margin.
    Stamens
    Stamen filaments 3–11(14) cm long, bright red, much exceeding the petals.
    Ovary
    Ovary shortly stipitate, densely pubescent, often ± sericeous.
    Fruits
    Pods 13–26 × 2.1–3.7 cm; seeds 8–19, c.15 × 8 × 3 mm, compressed.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, India, Leeward Is., Maldives, Myanmar, Namibia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya

    Delonix elata (L.) Gamble appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 17, 1954 Schweinfurth, G. [423], Eritrea K000232331
    K000232328
    Ellis, P.E. [110], Ethiopia 15486.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [2260], Sudan K000232329
    Schweinfurth, G. [2259], Sudan K000232330
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5812] Poinciana elata K001122221
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5812], India Poinciana elata K001122222

    First published in Fl. Madras: 396 (1919)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 433 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 103, t. 9 (1961).
    • Roti-Michelozzi in Webbia 13: 195 (1957).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 65 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 102 (1949).
    • B. D. Burtt, Field Key Savannah Gen. & Sp. Tang. Terr.: 30 (1939).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 624 (1930).
    • Gamble, Fl. Madras 1(3): 396 (1919).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Bhandari, M. M. (1978). Flora of the Indian desert. Jodhpur.
    • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • Haines, H. H. (1922). The Botany of Bihar & Orissa, Part 3. London.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0