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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar. Malesia to N. Australia.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

Note
A very variable and taxonomically complex species, widespread in Africa and Asia, reaching Australia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1-8(12) m. high, sometimes suckering and thicket-forming or (fide Greenway) even scandent, with rough bark and armed with spines terminating short lateral spreading twigs which often bear leaves and flowers; young branchlets usually ± pubescent, sometimes puberulous or even glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with (2)5-19(21 fide F.C.B.) pairs of pinnae; rhachis (with petiole) 0·5-20 cm. long, with one stalked or occasionally sessile gland between each pair, or at least the distal and basal pairs, of pinnae; leaflets 9-41 pairs, 1-11(14) x 0·3-4(5·5) mm., linear to oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences yellow in apical hermaphrodite part, mauve or pink or sometimes white in lower neuter part, 2-5 cm. long, pendent on solitary or apparently fascicled peduncles 1-9 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0·6-1·25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 1·5-3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamen-filaments of hermaphrodite flowers 3·25-3·5 mm. long; staminodes 4-17 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 2-10 x 0·5-2·6 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4-6 x 3-4·5 mm., deep-brown, glossy.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, armed with spines terminating short lateral twigs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with (2–)4–19 pairs of pinnae; rhachis including petiole 0.5–20 cm long; leaflets (6–)9–41 pairs per pinna, linear to oblong, 1–11 x 0.3–4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences yellow in upper bisexual part, mauve, pink or white in neuter part, 2–5 cm long, pendent; peduncle 1–9 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.6–1.25 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 1.5–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 4–17 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods clustered, 2–10 x 0.4–1.4(–2) cm, contorted, indehiscent.
Distribution
N1; C2; S1–3 widespread in tropical Africa, also in Arabia, tropical Asia and Australia.
Ecology
Altitude range 30–1300 m.
Vernacular
Dictar, dhiigtaar, godxantool, qurac (Somali)
Note
This variable species was subdivided into numerous subspecies and varieties by Brenan & Brummitt in Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 39: 77–115 (1965). One of these, subsp. argillicola with only 4–7 pairs of pinnae and not strongly coiled pods, was described with the type from Somalia. Today a much wider variation is known in Somalia and the application of the infraspecific names available is very difficult. The species is therefore here not formally subdivided.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–8(–12) m. high, sometimes suckering and thicket-forming or (fide Greenway) even scandent, with rough bark and armed with spines terminating short lateral spreading twigs which often bear leaves and flowers.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets ± pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with (2–)5–19(–21 fide F.C.B.) pairs of pinnae; rhachis (with petiole) 0.5–20 cm. long, with one stalked gland between each pair of pinnae; leaflets 9–41 pairs, 1–11 (–14) mm. long, 0.3–4(–5.5) mm. wide, linear to oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences yellow in apical hermaphrodite part, mauve, pink or sometimes white in lower neuter part, 2–5 cm. long, pendent on solitary or apparently fascicled peduncles 1–9 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.6–1.25 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 1.5–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments of hermaphrodite flowers 3.25–3.5 mm. long; staminodes 4–17 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 2–10 cm. long, 0.5–2(–2–5 fide F.C.B.) cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4–6 mm. long, 3–4.5 mm. wide, deep brown, glossy.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zambezian woodland, Sudanian wooded grassland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Acacia Saint Dominique, Aroma, Marabu

[ILDIS]
Use
Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Weed, Wood

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bangladesh, Comoros, Cuba, Egypt, Florida, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, Pakistan, Queensland, Réunion, Thailand, Windward Is.

Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1983 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8547], Cameroon K000092983
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120215
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5231], Myanmar Acacia cinerea K001120219
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120216
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231], India Acacia cinerea K001120214
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120218
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120220
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120217

First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 271 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barger, T.W. & al. (2012). New and noteworthy records for the flora of Alabama Castanea 77: 257-269.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Or.: 271 (1834).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1959). Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead
  • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
  • Drummond & Coates Palgrave (1973). Common Trees of the Highveld
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • Howard, R. A. et al. (1988). Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
  • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
  • Kostermans, A. J. G. H. (1980). Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M. D. Dassanayalu....
  • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
  • Nielsen, I. (1985). Flora of Thailand, Vol 4 Part 2. Mimosaceae. In: T. Smithinans
  • Nielsen, I. C. (1992). Flora Malesiana, Series I Vol II Part I Mimosaceae.
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/