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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos compressus R.Wilczek

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or ascending perennial herb 0·3–0·9 m. tall; rootstock woody, up to 12 cm. long and 6 cm. wide, containing a dark red resinous substance.
    Stem
    Stems ? single, unbranched or branched, ribbed, often stout, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves developing after flowering has commenced; leaflets 3, oblong-lanceolate, 5–20 cm. long, 0·4–4 cm. wide, rounded but mucronulate or acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent or glabrescent, very conspicuously 3-nerved from base to apex; petiole 0·2–1·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·5–2·5(–4·3) cm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules sometimes persistent, oblong-lanceolate to ovate, 0·6–2 cm. long, 2–7 mm. wide, glabrous or pubescent, lined with dark pigment.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–8(–15) in axillary fascicles; peduncle obsolete; pedicels 0·8–4 cm. long, pubescent; bracteoles minute, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent, spotted with dark pigment; tube ± 3–4·5 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1·6–3 mm. long, the upper pair joined for ± three-quarters of their length to form a bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Standard mauve, often greenish outside, obovate or almost round, 1·1–2·2(–2·8) cm. long, 1–1·4(–1·8) cm. wide.
    Fruits
    Pods oblanceolate, 5·5 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, transversely ribbed, glabrous on the faces but margins ciliate.
    Seeds
    Seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Bushland, grassland with scattered trees; 900–2250 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 U1 U2
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Dolichos compressus R.Wilczek appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 24: 422 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 24: 422 (1954)
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 304 (1954).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0