Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos ichthyophone Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect herb to 50 cm tall, arising from a perennial woody rootstock, flowering with (in the Flora Zambesiaca area) or without leaves.
    Stem
    Stems annual, densely white tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet 4.5–28 × 1.6–16 cm, ovate-rhombic, acute mucronate at the apex, cuneate at the base, densely white tomentose when plant flowering, becoming more sparsely tomentose in fruit, one main vein at base dividing into 3 beyond the cuneate leaf base; petiole 1–10 mm long; stipules 5–13 mm long, ovate, striate, subpersistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3–8-flowered fascicles, the late or lack of development of leaves gives these few-flowered fascicles the appearance of a pseudoraceme; all axes densely white tomentose; peduncle 2.8–4 cm long; rhachis 9.2–13.5 cm long; pedicels 4–15 mm long; bracts caducous; bracteoles 3–6 mm long, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely white tomentose; tube 3–4 mm long; lobes 3–5 mm long, upper pair fused for almost all of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard deep-blue, 10–24 × 8–18 mm, round or almost so; wings purple; keel paler.
    Pistil
    Ovary 7–11 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, densely white tomentose; style 5–10 mm long; stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 5–8.5 × 1–1.5 cm, oblanceolate, densely brown velutinous, 3–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial subshrubby herb about 0·6 m. tall from a tough woody rootstock ± 20 cm. long and 10 cm. wide, usually flowering when the leaves are not completely expanded or even quite absent.
    Stem
    Stems very densely velvety with mostly spreading white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves unifoliolate; leaflet rhomboid-elliptic to lanceolate, 4·5–16 cm. long, 1·6–6·2 cm. wide, acute or obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, cuneate at the base, densely velvety when young, but more sparsely pubescent on both surfaces when mature, usually conspicuously 3–5-nerved from just above the base, the main side nerves extending from up to half-way along to almost the entire length of the lamina; petiole 0–5 mm. long; petiolule 3–10 mm. long; stipules sometimes persistent, 0·7–1·3 cm. long, 2–5 mm. wide, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or paired or on leafless shoots appearing to be in dense false racemes; pedicels 0·6–1·5 cm. long; upper false bracts usually trifid; bracteoles ultimately deciduous, linear 3–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely whitish pubescent; tube ± 4 mm. long; lobes 3–5 mm. long, the upper pair joined to form a shortly bifid upper lip.
    Corolla
    Standard purple inside, green veined with purple outside, obovate, 1·8–2·4 cm. long, 1·6–1·8 cm. wide, emarginate; keel pale.
    Fruits
    Pods oblanceolate, 7–8·5 cm. long, 1·4–1·5 cm. wide, obliquely acute at the apex, densely velvety pubescent.
    Seeds
    Immature seeds dark red, ovoid, compressed, longest dimension ± 7·5 mm.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland; 1500–2400 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Dolichos ichthyophone Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1970 Bullock, A.A. [3411], Tanzania K000263582 holotype
    Brummitt, R.K. [17993], Tanzania K000556918

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 432 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 432 (1970).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Verdcourt, B. (1970). Kew Bull. 24:379-447. Studies in FTEA Leg.-Pap. : III.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0