1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos kilimandscharicus Taub.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect or rarely decumbent herb 25–120 cm tall, arising from a perennial woody rootstock, usually flowering when the leaves are absent or under-developed; rootstock 14–45 cm long and 7–30 cm in diameter.
    Stem
    Stems annual, smooth or slightly ribbed, with sparsely to densely appressed silvery, greyish or ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 2.5–14.5(17) × 1.7–4.2 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate the laterals oblique, all leaflets acute at the apex, mucronulate, cuneate at the base, moderately to densely white or silvery appressed pubescent on both surfaces, often with ferruginous hairs on the veins; petiole 3–10 cm long; rhachis 1–3.5 cm long; petiolules 2–5 mm long; stipules 5–12 × 1–4 mm, lanceolate, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3–4-flowered fascicles, the late or lack of development of the leaves gives these few-flowered fascicles the appearance of a terminal pseudoraceme; pedicels 3–13 mm long; bracts 2–4 mm long, triangular or lanceolate, upper fascicles with pseudobracts (consisting of under-developed leaves and stipules joined together) 4–7 mm long, forming 3 partially fused or separate lobes; bracts absent; bracteoles 5 mm long, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely silvery-pubescent; tube 3–5 mm long; lobes 2–6 mm long, triangular, the upper pair fused for almost all of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard purple, sometimes greenish-brown or yellow outside, or entirely white, 13–29 × 12–20 mm, broadly elliptic to rotund; wings deep purple; keel cream-coloured blushed with purple.
    Pistil
    Ovary 8–12 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, appressed pubescent; style 5–10 mm long; stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 4.7–7.6 × 0.8–1.1 cm, linear-oblong, densely appressed ferruginous or with golden hairs, minutely glandular, 4–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–9 × 4–7 × 2–3 mm, ellipsoid or irregular quadrate, very variable, orange-brown; hilum minute.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian woodland, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or rarely decumbent perennial herb, 0·25–1·2 m. tall, from a massive woody rootstock 14–45 cm. long and 7–30 cm. in diameter, usually but not always flowering when leaves are very undeveloped or absent.
    Stem
    Stems few, simple or sparsely branched, usually densely pubescent with ± adpressed silvery, greyish or ferruginous hairs; some stems develop twining tips.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3(–4), ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, the laterals oblique, 2·5–18 cm. long, 1–7·5(–11) cm. wide, acute or rather blunt at the apex, cuneate to very slightly cordate at the base, densely pubescent to silvery-velvety, often with ferruginous hairs on the nerves contrasting with the silvery parts, pinnately nerved; petiole 3–14 cm. long; rhachis 1–5 cm. long; petiolules 2–6 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 0·8–1·6 cm. long, 2–5 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–4, in fascicles in the axils of leaves which are not fully developed until flowering is about over; upper fascicles running together to produce a long pseudoterminal inflorescence, the leaves never appearing; peduncles obsolete; pedicels 0·3–1·7 cm. long; bracts triangular or lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long; upper fascicles with pseudobracts 4–7·5 mm. long formed of undeveloped leaves and stipules joined, either 3-fid or of 3 separate lobes; bracteoles linear, 4–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx often silvery pubescent; tube 4–5 mm. long; lobes deltoid, 2–6 mm. long, the upper pair joined for three-quarters to almost their entire length.
    Corolla
    Standard purple, sometimes greenish-brown or yellow outside, or entirely white, round or rounded-oblong, (1·1–)1·3–2·9 cm. long, 1·3–2 cm. wide, emarginate; wings dark; keel cream shaded purple.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong or oblanceolate, 4–9 cm. long, 0·9–1·4 cm. wide, narrowed at both ends, densely adpressed matted ferruginous pubescent and with numerous minute ? glands.
    Seeds
    Seeds orange-brown, ellipsoidal or irregularly quadrate, very variable, longest dimension 6·5–9 mm., shorter dimension 4·5–7 mm., 2·5–4 mm. thick; hilum minute.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dolichos kilimandscharicus Taub. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Stolz, A. [1048], Tanzania K000263589
    Jan 1, 1970 Stolz, A. [1049], Tanzania K000263590
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000263579
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000263611 Unknown type material
    Volkens [2112], Uganda K000263587
    Carson, A. [133], Zambia K000263610 Unknown type material
    Waller, H. [s.n.], Angola K000263578 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8124], Tanzania Dolichos malosanus 23748.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8121], Tanzania Dolichos malosanus 24511.000

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 47: 32 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 428 (1970).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 442 (1929).
    • Taub. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19, Beibl. 47: 32 (1894).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Verdcourt, B. & Trump, E. C. (1969). Common Poisonous Plants of East Africa

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0