1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos oliveri Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Zimbabwe.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial plant of varying habit, mostly an erect or rambling shrub, the shoots becoming scandent at their tips, or a woody climber, less often an erect woody herb, 0·3–2·4 m. tall, often flowering when quite leafless; root-stock thick and woody, probably usually a large tuber but sometimes a collection of oblong-ellipsoid tubers.
    Stem
    Stems rather angular, sparsely pubescent to velvety with silvery to ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, usually paler beneath, ovate, 1·2–5·5(–8) cm. long, 0·9–4·2 cm. wide, subacute to emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, sometimes very obtusely 3-lobed, the lateral leaflets somewhat oblique and frequently lobed only on their outer sides, densely covered with adpressed hairs, usually velvety, silvery beneath, 3-nerved from the base for only about one-third to half of their length; petiole 0·7–7·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·3–2 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules ovate to lanceolate, 3·5–5 mm. long, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers scented, 1–5 in axillary fascicles, sometimes appearing to be in false terminal inflorescences or in larger axillary inflorescences when leaves on slender side branches are not developed; peduncles 0·6–1·8 cm. long; pedicels 4–10 mm. long; bracts subpersistent, ovate-lanceolate, 3·5 mm. long, veined; bracteoles persistent, linear to elliptic, 1·5–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx adpressed silky pubescent; tube 4–6 mm. long; lobes deltoid or rounded, 1·5–5·5 mm. long, the upper pair completely joined to form an acute lobe.
    Corolla
    Standard purplish-red, flushed red-brown or green outside, mostly lilac at base inside and flushed crimson at apex, oblate, 1·5–1·6 cm. long, 1·5–1·8 cm. wide; wings pink to reddish or bluish-purple; keel sometimes slightly twisted at the apex, mostly white with a purple tip.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, falcate, 5·5–8 cm. long, 0·8–1·1 cm. wide, densely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown with black spots and fine speckling of black, oblong-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 6·5–7·5 mm., shorter dimension 5–5·5 mm., 2–2·5 mm. thick; aril obsolete.
    Habitat
    Grassland, thicket, scrub-bushland and woodland, often on rocky ground; 960–1950 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 T5 U1 U3
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect or scrambling herb or shrub, 30–240 cm tall, arising from a perennial woody tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, slender, becoming woody, rather angular; sparsely pubescent to velvety with silvery to ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.2–4.6 × 0.9–4 cm, ovate, subacute to emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded at the base, moderately to densely appressed pubescent, appearing silvery beneath, 3-veined from the base; terminal leaflet sometimes broadly lobed, lateral leaflets often bilobed; petiole 0.7–5.8 cm long; rhachis 2–30 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 3–5 mm long, ovate to lanceolate, striate; stipels minute.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3–5-flowered fascicles, sometimes appearing falsely as a terminal inflorescence when leaves on slender side branches are not developed; pedicels 4–8 mm long; bracts 3 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, striate; bracteoles 1–3 mm long, linear to elliptic.
    Calyx
    Calyx appressed silky pubescent; tube 4–6 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard purplish-red, flushed red-brown or green outside, mostly lilac at the base inside and flushed crimson at the apex, 14–17 × 15–18 mm, oblate; wings pink to reddish or bluish-purple; keel sometimes slightly twisted at the apex, mostly white with a purple tip.
    Pistil
    Ovary 6–9 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, minutely puberulent; style 5–7 mm long, stigma minute, terminal, capitate, not penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 5–5.8 × 0.8–1.1 cm, linear-oblong, falcate, densely pubescent, 5–7-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6.5–7.5 × 5–5.5 × 2–2.5 mm.
    Note
    No fruiting material seen from the Flora Zambesiaca area; pod and seed descriptions from F.T.E.A.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Dolichos oliveri Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Maitland, T.D. [1181], Uganda K000263586 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11272], Tanzania 23754.000
    Bidgood, S. [6322], Tanzania K000468103
    Schweinfurth [31], Ethiopia K000263556
    Schewienfurth [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263557

    First published in Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 656 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 47 (1948).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 446 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 212 (1871).
    • Schweinf. in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 656 (1868).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0