1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos pseudocajanus Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect herb 60–180 cm tall, arising from a perennial woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, ribbed, pubescent or with lines of appressed hairs along the ribs and pubescent in between.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.8–7.2(11) × 1.6–4.2(5) cm, narrowly oblong-elliptic, subacute or rounded at the apex, mucronate and with an apical tuft of hairs, rounded at the base, appressed pubescent on both surfaces, more densely so on the veins of the lower surface, or sparsely pilose to velvety, discolorous; petiole 0.5–7 cm long; rhachis 0.3–5 cm long; petiolules 1.5–3 mm long; stipules 4–12 × 1–3 mm, lanceolate, striate, persistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3–4-flowered fascicles, the late or lack of development of the leaves giving these few-flowered fascicles the appearance of a terminal pseudoraceme; pedicels 5–10 mm long; bracts absent; bracteoles 1–2 mm long, lanceolate, persistent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 3–5 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, triangular, upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard purple, crimson inside at the base, greenish outside, sometimes mostly green or yellow, 11–14 × 10–12 mm, round or nearly so; wings mostly mauve or blue; keel green or cream-coloured.
    Pistil
    Ovary 6–9 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, tomentose; style 3–5 mm long, stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.5–4.3 cm × 4–10 mm, oblanceolate, appressed pubescent with mixed short and very short hairs, 5–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown speckled black, 4–5 × 4–5 × 1–2 mm, square, compressed.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Sudanian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Subshrubby erect herb 0·6–1·8 m. tall from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems ridged, hairy or with lines of adpressed hairs along the ridges and pubescent in between.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, narrowly oblong-elliptic, 1·8–12 cm. long, 0·6–4·2 cm. wide, subacute or rounded at the apex and mucronulate, the mucro emphasized by a tuft of hairs, narrowly rounded at the base, adpressed pubescent on both surfaces, but particularly on the nerves beneath, or sparsely pilose to velvety beneath; petiole 0·5–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·35–2 cm. long; petiolules 1·5–3 mm. long; stipules persistent, lanceolate, 4·5–12 mm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, 1–4 per axil and also forming terminal inflorescences; true peduncle obsolete; pedicels 5–10 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, lanceolate, 1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube ± 3·5 mm. long; lobes triangular, short, ± 1–2·5 mm. long, the upper pair united into an entire lip.
    Corolla
    Standard dull mauve, crimson inside at base, often green outside, sometimes mostly green or yellow, round, 1·25–1·4 cm. long, 1–1·2 cm. wide; wings mostly mauve or blue; keel green or cream.
    Fruits
    Pods oblanceolate, 2·7–4·5 cm. long, 0·55–1 cm. wide, adpressed puberulous with mixed short and minute hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds red-brown with black speckling, squarish, compressed, 4·5 mm. square, 1·5 mm. thick, margin rather keeled; hilum small and aril obsolete.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, rocky places; 500–1500 m.
    Distribution
    a variant in Ghana T4 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Dolichos pseudocajanus Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [9499], Angola K001307143
    Welwitsch [2222], Angola K000263574 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 215 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 289 (1966).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 310 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 441 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 215 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0