1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos sericeus E.Mey.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or prostrate herb 0·6–2·1 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems slender, covered with spreading or adpressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate or ovate-triangular, 0·9–8·5 cm. long, 0·5–7·5 cm. wide, occasionally slightly 3-lobed, rounded to long-acuminate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or truncate at the base, sparsely to densely adpressed pilose on both surfaces; nerves pinnate; petiole 1·5–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·5–1·5 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules ovate-oblong, 4–5(–10) mm. long, 2–3·5 mm. wide, ribbed, mostly obtuse but in some large-flowered forms the stipules are longer and more acute.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–10 in short axillary racemes; peduncles 0·5–18 cm. long; pedicels 0·3–1·8 cm. long; bracts 1·5–2·5 mm. long, ribbed; bracteoles oblong to linear-oblong, 2·5–7 mm. long, 0·6–0·8 mm. wide, 3–7-nerved, glabrous to densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous to densely silky pubescent or pilose; tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes deltoid or narrowly triangular, 1·5–6 mm. long, the upper pair united into a single entire or minutely bifid lobe.
    Corolla
    Standard variously pink, magenta or bluish-purple, sometimes greenish outside, oblate, 1–1·6 cm. long, 1·1–2 cm. wide, the internal appendages well marked; wings similarly coloured to the standard but keel often paler save at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, somewhat curved, (2·8–)4–9·5 cm. wide, glabrous to densely silky pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark reddish-brown or flesh-coloured, mottled black, usually ellipsoid or oblong-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 4·2–7 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–5 mm., 1·5–2·2 mm. thick.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T7 U1 U2 U3 Cameroun east to Ethiopia and south to Natal
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing or prostrate herb, 0.6–2.1 m long, arising from a perennial tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, slender, moderately to densely appressed or spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 0.9–7.2 × 0.5–4.6 cm, ovate to slightly rhombic, sometimes slightly lobed, rounded to truncate at the base, rounded or acuminate at the apex, sparsely to densely pilose on both surfaces, 3-veined from the base; petiole 1.5–5.8 cm; rhachis 5–12 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 4–6 mm long, striate, ovate; stipels 3–5 mm long, lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, subcapitate or a short raceme; peduncle 0.5–9.8 cm long; rhachis 5–15 mm long; pedicels 3–11 mm long; bracts 1–2 mm long, striate; bracteoles 2–7 mm long, striate.
    Calyx
    Calyx pilose (in the Flora Zambesiaca area); tube 3–4 mm long; lobes 1–6 mm long, triangular, upper pair fused along most or all of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard pink or magenta fading bluish-purple, 10–18 × 10–13 mm, oblate; wings purple; keel paler to white.
    Pistil
    Ovary 7–10 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, pubescent; style 5–8 mm long; stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 4.2–7.8 cm × 3–10 mm, glabrous or nearly so when mature, or persistently pubescent or velvety, 5–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish, reddish-brown or mottled black, 4–6 × 2–4 × 1–2 mm, oblong-reniform, compressed.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dolichos sericeus E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8707], Cameroon K000337831
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4553], Cameroon K000337808
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4579], Cameroon K000337811
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3376], Cameroon K000337834
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [379], Cameroon K000746983
    Dec 1, 2000 Kamundi, D. [703], Cameroon K000337830
    Aug 1, 1998 Onana, J.-M. [571 A], Cameroon K000337832
    Aug 1, 1998 Onana, J.-M. [517], Cameroon K000337833
    Jan 1, 1998 Onana, J.-M. [608], Cameroon K000337803
    Mar 1, 1969 Gillett, J.B. [17314], Kenya K000058982
    Mar 1, 1969 Bally, P.R.O. [5321], Kenya K000058988
    Mar 1, 1969 Napier, E.R. [1088], Kenya K000058989
    Mar 1, 1969 Tweedie [3210], Kenya K000058987
    Mar 1, 1969 Mainwaring, D.C. [2407], Kenya K000058986
    Mar 1, 1969 s.coll. [148], Kenya K000058985
    Maitland, T.D. [1524], Cameroon K000087379
    Luke, W.R.Q. [2442], Kenya K000058979
    Whyte, A. [275], Malawi K000263609 Unknown type material
    Msafiri, F. [11], Kenya K000058981
    Whyte [211], Malawi K000263608 Unknown type material
    Mungai, G.M. [5670], Kenya K000058980
    s.coll. [14194], Kenya K000058990

    First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 141 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 413 (1970).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 449 (1929).
    • E. Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 141 (1836).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0