Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos trilobus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula to Philippines.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone ; woodland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Guineo-Congolian forest., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest., Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Wal-dambala
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Scrambling herb, sometimes prostrate, creeping and rooting at the nodes, 0.50–3 m long, arising from a perennial woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, slender, puberulent or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.5–9 × 2–9 cm, broadly ovate-rhombic or ovate, sometimes slightly to distinctly 3-lobed, rounded to acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, occasionally paler around the midvein, densely to sparsely pubescent or glabrescent on both surfaces, 3-veined from the base; petiole 1.1–7 cm long; rhachis 2–14 mm long; petiolules 1–5 mm long; stipules 3–10 mm long, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, mostly acute, 5–7-striate, erect or reflexed, persistent; stipels minute.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, pedunculate or in 2–3-flowered fascicles; peduncle 0.5–4.3 cm long or absent; pedicels 4–6 mm long; bracts 4–10 mm long, filiform; bracteoles 1–1.5(2) mm long, ovate-lanceolate, 1–3-striate, persistent.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely pubescent; tube 2–4 mm long; lower lateral lobes 1–3 mm long, triangular, lower central lobe 2–6 mm long, triangular or subulate, upper pair fused for almost all of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard reddish-mauve, purplish-blue, or pinkish, often with darker flushing or veining, sometimes greenish outside; wings deep pinkish-purple, 8–12(15) × 9–12(15) mm, almost round; keel paler.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5–8 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed; style 3–6 mm long; stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.5–9.5 cm × 6–12 mm, oblong, falcate, glabrous or minute puberulent on the surfaces, 4–7-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown or reddish-brown speckled black, 2–8 × 3–2 × 1–6 mm, reniform, compressed; aril minute.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing herb 0·5–1 m. long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems ± adpressed puberulous or pubescent or with spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, often with a lighter green zoning down the middle, almost round, broadly ovate-rhomboid or ovate to lanceolate, the laterals often oblique, 1·5–9 cm. long, 0·2–9 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, sometimes slightly to distinctly 3-lobed, densely to sparsely pubescent or glabrescent on both surfaces; petiole 1·3–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·3–1·4 cm. long; petiolules 1·5 mm. long; stipules persistent, often reflexed, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 3–4 mm. long, mostly acute, not very markedly 5–7-nerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, 2–3-flowered; peduncle 0·5–4·3 cm. long; pedicels 4–6 mm. long; bracts filiform, 4–10 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, ovate-lanceolate, 1–1·5(–2) mm. long, 1–3-nerved.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely pubescent; tube 2–3·5 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1–3 mm. long, the upper pair joined to form a ± emarginate lip.
    Corolla
    Standard reddish-mauve or pinkish, often with darker flushing or veining, sometimes greenish outside, almost round, 0·9–1·2(–1·5) cm. long, 0·9–1·15 cm. wide, emarginate at the apex; wings deep pinkish-purple; keel paler or whitish.
    Style
    Style 5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, curved, 2·5–9·5 cm. long, 6–11·5 mm. wide, compressed, glabrous or with minute dot-like hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown or reddish-brown with black speckling and mottling, oblong-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 4–5 mm., shorter dimension 2·8–3·2 mm., 1·6 mm. thick; rim-aril scarcely developed.
    Distribution
    K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U4 Z Ethiopia to Angola, Transvaal and Natal, extending to eastern Asia
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A trailer or climber up to 6 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers cream tinged pink or bright blue and quickly fading
    Ecology
    Amongst shrubs in secondary forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Cameroon, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dolichos trilobus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [896], Cameroon K000337835
    Schimper [1440], Ethiopia K000263546
    Schimper [1440], Ethiopia K000263547
    Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263548
    Schimper [1472], Ethiopia K000263550
    Petit [622], Ethiopia K000263549
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [743], India Dolichos falcatus K000900656
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9519], Tanzania Dolichos falcatus 24400.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 726 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc. in Taxon 17: 171 (1968).
    • L., Sp. PL: 726 (1753), pro parte.

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Raizada, M. B. & Saxena, H. O. (1978). Flora of Mussoorie, Vol. 1.
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Backer, C. A. (1963). Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/