Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dolichos L.
      1. Dolichos trinervatus Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect herb 30–80(130) cm tall, arising from a perennial woody rootstock to 9 × 2 cm.
    Stem
    Stems annual, branched or not, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 3.8–13.2 × 0.2–1.6 cm, narrowly oblong-elliptic to linear, paler on the lower surface, acute to almost rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrescent to silvery-pubescent on both surfaces, if glabrescent then often with scattered hairs on the veins, 3-veined from the base almost to the apex; petiole (1)2–7 mm long, channelled; rhachis 2–5 mm long; petiolules 1–1.5 mm long; stipules 2–5 × 1–2 mm, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, striate, usually caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3–6(9)-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2–12 mm long, pubescent; bracts absent; bracteoles minute, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 4–5 mm long; lobes 3–8 mm long, linear-triangular, the upper pair fused for most of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard white or pale green tinged purple outside, purple inside, sometimes with a deep purple blotch in the throat, 8–17 × 9–13 mm, round or almost so; wings pale mauve; keel pale green at base becoming purple at the tip.
    Pistil
    Ovary 6–9 mm long, linear-oblong, compressed, densely pubescent; style 3–5 mm long; stigma minute, terminal, capitate, penicillate.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.2–3.5 cm × 6–7 mm, linear-oblong, pubescent on surfaces and along the margins, 4–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish-grey to mid-brown, densely mottled black, 3–5 × 2–5 × 1–2 mm; subglobose, ovoid or quadrate, somewhat irregularly shaped, sometimes compressed; hilum minute.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb, 30–80 cm. tall, from a stout woody rootstock ± 10 cm. long and 2 cm. wide.
    Stem
    Stems several, not or sparsely branched, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, narrowly oblong-elliptic to linear, 4–14 cm. long, 0·3–1·7 cm. wide, acute or almost rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrescent to silvery pubescent on both sides or with scattered hairs on the nerves only, very conspicuously 3-nerved from the base almost to the apex; petiole 3–7 mm. long, broad and channelled; rhachis 2–5 mm. long; petiolules 1–1·5 mm. long; stipules usually deciduous, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 4–9 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, strongly ribbed.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–5(–10) in axillary fascicles; peduncle obsolete; pedicels 0·2–1·5 cm. long, pubescent; bracteoles small, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube ± 4–5 mm. long; lobes linear-triangular, 3–10 mm. long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard pale greenish tinged with mauve outside, bright purplish-mauve inside, round, 0·8–1·7 cm. long, 0·9–1·3 cm. wide; wings pale mauve; keel pale green at base, mauve at the apex.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, 3–4 cm. long, 6–7 mm. wide, finely pubescent on faces and hairy along the margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish-grey to chestnut, densely mottled with black, irregularly subglobose, ovoid or quadrate, sometimes compressed, longest dimension 3·5–4·5 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–4 mm, 1·8–2·5 mm. thick; hilum minute and aril absent.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; 450–2100 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dolichos trinervatus Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 18, 2002 Fries, T.C.E. [3249], Zimbabwe K000071568
    Apr 18, 2002 Fries, T.C.E. [3721], Zimbabwe K000071569
    Apr 18, 2002 Hopkins, J.C. [s.n.], Zimbabwe K000071571
    Apr 18, 2002 Biegel, H.M. [2007], Zimbabwe K000071565
    Apr 18, 2002 Eyles [8545], Zimbabwe K000071560
    Apr 18, 2002 Eyles [8771], Zimbabwe K000071561
    Apr 18, 2002 Wild, H. [646], Zimbabwe K000071562
    Apr 18, 2002 Wild, H. [541], Zimbabwe K000071572
    Apr 18, 2002 Wild, H. [4421], Zimbabwe K000071573
    Apr 18, 2002 Bingham, M.G. [353], Zimbabwe K000071555
    Apr 18, 2002 Teague, A.J. [592], Zimbabwe K000071566
    Apr 18, 2002 Hislop, A. [120], Zimbabwe K000071558
    Apr 18, 2002 Gilliland, H.B. [K1331], Zimbabwe K000071570
    Apr 18, 2002 Loveridge, J.P. [1202], Zimbabwe K000071556
    Apr 18, 2002 Loveridge, J.P. [566], Zimbabwe K000071564
    Apr 18, 2002 Myres, R.J. [156], Zimbabwe K000071559
    Apr 18, 2002 Jack [58], Zimbabwe K000071554
    Apr 18, 2002 Cecil, Evelyn [264], Zimbabwe K000071557
    Apr 18, 2002 Collins, W.F. [Illegible], Zimbabwe K000071563
    Apr 18, 2002 Philomena [5184], Zimbabwe K000071567
    Apr 3, 2002 Robson, N.K.B. [762], Zambia K000071539
    Apr 3, 2002 Robson, N.K.B. [887], Zambia K000071540
    Apr 3, 2002 Wright, J.M. [16], Zambia K000071538
    Apr 3, 2002 Astle, W.L. [4323], Zambia K000071534
    Apr 3, 2002 Verboom, W.C. [436], Zambia K000071541
    Apr 3, 2002 Barbosa, G. [9635], Angola K000071544
    Apr 3, 2002 Barbosa, G. [10005], Angola K000071545
    Apr 3, 2002 Farrell, J.A. [442], Zambia K000071533
    Apr 3, 2002 Phiri, Rabson [121], Zambia K000071535
    Apr 3, 2002 Strid, Arne [2711], Zambia K000071537
    Apr 3, 2002 Kornas, Jan [2849], Zambia K000071536
    Apr 3, 2002 Couto, Clara [66], Angola K000071546
    Mar 28, 2002 Holmes, W.D. [1025], Zambia K000071525
    Mar 28, 2002 Holmes, W.D. [1421], Zambia K000071528
    Mar 28, 2002 Drummond, R.B. [7416], Zambia K000071527
    Mar 28, 2002 Robinson, E.A. [6101], Zambia K000071529
    Mar 28, 2002 Robinson, E.A. [2568], Zambia K000071532
    Mar 28, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [598], Zambia K000071526
    Mar 28, 2002 Fanshawe, D.B. [8331], Zambia K000071530
    Mar 28, 2002 Milne-Redhead, E. [3165], Zambia K000071521
    Mar 28, 2002 unknown, Zambia K000071520
    Mar 28, 2002 Sanane, M. [1446], Zambia K000071519
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [120], Zambia K000071509
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [3735], Zambia K000071510
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [3972], Zambia K000071511
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [7357], Zambia K000071512
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [12514], Zambia K000071515
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [19301], Zambia K000071517
    Mar 28, 2002 Richards, H.M. [22805], Zambia K000071518
    Mar 28, 2002 Cruse, A. [85], Zambia K000071522
    Mar 28, 2002 Cruse, A. [220], Zambia K000071523
    Mar 28, 2002 Cruse, A. [220], Zambia K000071524
    Mar 28, 2002 Astle, W.L. [1085], Zambia K000071516
    Mar 28, 2002 Verboom, W.C. [1086], Zambia K000071508
    Mar 28, 2002 McCallum-Webster, M. [837], Zambia K000071513
    Mar 28, 2002 McCallum-Webster, M. [837], Zambia K000071514
    Mar 28, 2002 Marks, J.M. [15], Zambia K000071531
    Mar 27, 2002 Robson, N.K.B. [1148], Malawi K000071506
    Mar 27, 2002 Jackson, G. [1272], Malawi K000071501
    Mar 27, 2002 Jackson, G. [2280], Malawi K000071505
    Mar 27, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [9449], Malawi K000071484
    Mar 27, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [11502], Malawi K000071493
    Mar 27, 2002 Brummitt, R.K. [15604], Malawi K000071494
    Mar 27, 2002 Gassner, A. [205], Malawi K000071486
    Mar 27, 2002 Adamson, G. [237], Malawi K000071497
    Mar 27, 2002 Richards, H.M. [10584], Malawi K000071482
    Mar 27, 2002 Richards, H.M. [10538], Malawi K000071502
    Mar 27, 2002 McClounie, J. [142] K000071479
    Mar 27, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000071477
    Mar 27, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000071499 syntype
    Mar 27, 2002 Buchanan [45], Malawi K000071476
    Mar 27, 2002 Buchanan [406], Malawi K000071500 syntype
    Mar 27, 2002 Hilliard, O.M. [4148], Malawi K000071498
    Mar 27, 2002 Cameron, K.J. [14], Malawi K000071495
    Mar 27, 2002 Kenyon, E. [9], Malawi K000071478
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [1945], Malawi K000071487
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [2340], Malawi K000071488
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [4099], Malawi K000071489
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [4275], Malawi K000071490
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [9566], Malawi K000071491
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [12895], Malawi K000071492
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [7741], Malawi K000071503
    Mar 27, 2002 Pawek, Jean [10645], Malawi K000071504
    Mar 27, 2002 Macuacua, L. [1403], Mozambique K000071507
    Mar 27, 2002 Phillips, Eleanor [797], Malawi K000071485
    Mar 27, 2002 Clements, F.B. [840], Malawi K000071480
    Mar 27, 2002 Lawrence, E. [596], Malawi K000071481
    Mar 27, 2002 Chapman, D.J. [1120], Malawi K000071483
    Mar 27, 2002 Buchanan, John [128], Malawi K000071496
    Jan 1, 1997 Patel, I.H. [5084], Malawi K000627505
    Nov 1, 1994 Harder, D.K. [2896], Zambia K000627507
    Nov 1, 1994 Harder, D.K. [2666], Zambia K000627508
    Jan 1, 1989 Lovett, J. [1120], Tanzania K000514634
    Feb 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [2523], Angola K000071542
    Feb 1, 1961 Gossweiler [9579], Angola K000071543
    Stolz, A. [2371], Tanzania K000263545
    Stolz, A. [2371], Tanzania K000263544 Unknown type material
    Bingham, M.G. [10211], Zambia K000627510
    Bidgood, S. [1333], Tanzania K000627514
    Richards, H.M. [7263], Tanzania K000514638
    Richards, H.M. [15790], Tanzania K000514639
    Richards, H.M. [13921], Tanzania K000627513
    Quarre, P. [5012], Congo, DRC K000627517
    Patel, I.H. [1459], Malawi K000627503
    Kaunda, K. [136], Malawi K000627504
    Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [8479], Tanzania K000627511
    Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [10706], Tanzania K000627512

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 262 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 307, fig. 13 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 435 (1929).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 262 (1897).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0