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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Indigofera L.
      1. Indigofera arrecta Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Stout rather woody herb 1–2 or rarely up to 3 m. tall; stems somewhat ridged, rather densely strigulose, the hairs white or brown.
    Leaves
    Stipules subulate-setaceous, 2–9 mm. long; rhachis strigulose, up to 6 cm. long, including a petiole of up to 15 mm., prolonged 1–3 mm. beyond lateral leaflets; stipellae subulate, under 1 mm. long; petiolules ± 1 mm. long; leaflets 7–17, narrowly elliptic-oblong, up to 2 cm. long and ± 7 mm. wide, strigulose beneath, usually glabrous above.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes many-flowered, sessile, up to 5 cm. long but usually much shorter; bracts lanceolate, ± 1 mm. long, caducous; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, strongly reflexed in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx brown strigulose, ± 1.5 mm. long; lobes triangular, as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla brown strigulose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod brown, straight, slightly tetragonal, somewhat torulose, but not in the plane of the sutures, 12–17 mm. long, ± 2.2 mm. wide, up to 2.8 mm. thick; endocarp ± spotted.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–6, shortly oblong, rhombic in cross-section.
    Figures
    Fig. 43/4, p. 293.
    Habitat
    Deciduous and upland evergreen bushland, areas of cultivation and secondary growth, forest margins; 300–2700 m.; rainfall 400–1800 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 throughout tropical Africa
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Sudanian anthropic landscapes
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Aika, Aikialahy, Bengal Indigo, Engitra, Haika, Java Indigo, Natal Indigo, Nil
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect, branched, softly woody plant, up to 8 ft. high
    Note
    Much cultivated.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Medicine, Miscellaneous

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Central African Repu, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Indigofera arrecta Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13512], Cameroon K000580030
    Mar 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4738], Cameroon K000746618
    Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9910], Cameroon K000337804
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [365], Cameroon K000337810
    Aug 1, 1998 Onana, J.-M. [533 A], Cameroon K000337824
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [741], Cameroon K000337825
    Schimper [1923b], Ethiopia K000392803
    Schimper [1923b], Ethiopia K000392804
    Schimper [349], Ethiopia K000392805
    Schrire, B.D. [2397], South Africa 59330.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 184 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Adema, F. (2011). Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) 15. Notes on Indigofera Blumea 56: 270-272.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 162, t. 12.
    • Tiss. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 3: 271
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 155
    • F.T.A. 2: 97
    • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 184 (1847)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 155 (1962).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 124 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 366 (1961).
    • Gillett in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 541 (1958)
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin, Add. Ser. 1: 105 (1958).
    • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 162, t. 12 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 428 (1949).
    • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa, App.: 245 (1937).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 184 (1847).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Sanjappa, M. (1995). In Hajra, PK et al. (eds). Fascicles of Fl. of Ind. 21:123. Indig
    • Saxena, H. O. & Brahman, M. (1994). The Flora of Orissa (Ranunculaceae to Fabaceae)
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
    • De Kort, I. & Thijsse, G. (1984). Blumea 30 (1) : 89-151. A rev. of Indigofera in S. E. Asia
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Gillett, J. B. (1958). Kew Bull. Addnl. ser. 1:1-166. Indigofera.. in Tropical Africa.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0