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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Indigofera L.
      1. Indigofera congesta Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Stiff, semiwoody, much-branched herb, up to 3–6 ft. high.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect branching herb up to 1 m. tall from a taproot; stems strigulose or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–7-foliolate; stipules narrow, attenuate, up to 8 mm. long; rhachis prolonged 2–5 mm. beyond the lateral leaflets, up to 3 cm. long, including a petiole of 8–12 mm.; leaflets narrowly elliptic or narrowly obovate, 8–18 mm. long, 3–7 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles numerous, dense, congested, subsessile in the leaf-axils, on short lateral branches, or terminal; bracts usually 3-foliolate, ending in long rather stiff points, like the calyx covered with up to 1 mm. long brown or white hairs; pedicels puberulent, up to 2 mm. long, erect during and after flowering.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 4 mm. long, divided to the base; lobes lanceolate-attenuate.
    Corolla
    Corolla orange or red, about as long as calyx, pubescent outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens all fertile, ± 3.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod oval, rather shorter than the sparsely pilose subpersistent style, ± 2.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. wide, puberulent 1 (rarely 2)-seeded; endocarp not spotted.
    Habitat
    Grassland, seasonal swamps and old cultivation; 0–1700m.; rainfall 900–2000 mm.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 U2 U3 U4 Portuguese Guinea to Sudan, Congo
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Zambezian grassland, Zambezian anthropic landscapes.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Indigofera congesta Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [815], Cameroon K000337821
    Lancaster, C.H. [s.n.], Uganda K000392826
    Welwitsch [2041], Angola K000392937 Unknown type material
    Schrire, B.D. [2578], Kenya 62848.000

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 70 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 151.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 99
    • in F.T.A. 2: 70 (1871)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 106 (1962).
    • Gillett in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 538 (1958)
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin, Add. Ser. 1: 29 (1958).
    • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 151 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 426 (1949).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 70 (1871).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0