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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Indigofera L.
      1. Indigofera dendroides Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    More or less branched, erect annual, up to 1.3 m. tall from a taproot, sparsely appressed strigulose throughout, the hairs often brown, especially on the inflorescence.
    Leaves
    Stipules linear, ± 4 mm. long; rhachis up to 6 cm. long, including a petiole of ± 1 mm., prolonged 2–3 mm. beyond lateral leaflets; petiolules well developed (± 1 mm. long); leaflets 11–27, cuneate-oblong, apiculate, up to 10 mm. long and 4 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 8–30-flowered, up to 13 cm. long, including a peduncle of up to 5 cm.; bracts narrow, 1.5 mm. long, caducous; pedicels ± 3 mm. long in flower, up to 5 mm. in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 2.5 mm. long, divided well below the middle into triangular-subulate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla densely appressed brown strigose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit rather tetragonal, 2–3 cm. long, ±1.6 mm. wide and thick, strigulose, 8–12-seeded; endocarp spotted.
    Seeds
    Seeds pitted.
    Habitat
    Grassland, cultivated ground, seasonal swamps and flood plains; 0–1500 m.; rainfall 1000–2000 mm.
    Distribution
    Senegal to Sudan, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Rhodesia, Angola K5 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Sudanian grasslands,
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An elegant, erect, wiry, herb, up to 3 ft. high.
    Note
    Varies considerably; forms with more numerous leaflets and flowers having been distinguished as I. sesbaniifolia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Indigofera dendroides Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [8782], Angola K001294697
    Chevalier, A. [18359], Guinea K000392654
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000392930 Unknown type material
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [944], Tanzania K000392825 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Icon. Pl. Rar. 3: t. 571 (1791)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 166, t. 13.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 128
    • Chev. Bot. 173
    • F.T.A. 2: 100
    • Ic. Pl. Bar. 3, t. 571 (1788–9)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Schrire, B.D. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca 3(4): 1-245. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3:109 (1962).
    • Gillett in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1:540 (1958)
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin, Add. Ser. 1: 42 (1958).
    • Cronquist in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 166, t. 13 (1954).
    • Jacq., Coll. Bot. 2: 357 (1789)
    • Jacq., Ic. Pl. Rar. 3, t. 571 (1789).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. (1958). Kew Bull. Addnl. ser. 1:1-166. Indigofera.. in Tropical Africa.
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0