1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Indigofera L.
      1. Indigofera suffruticosa Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2700 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Subarbusto
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Aika, Akouveli, Anil, Anil De Piedra, Anil Indigo, Azul, Azul De Hoja, Azulejo, Bengal Indigo, Ceylon Indigo, Digo, Digo Sauvage, Engilavy, Engitra, Guatemala Indigo, Hengitra, Hojas Azules, Indigo, Indigo Plant, Indigo Sauvage, Indigotier, Indigotier Sau
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2700 m.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Habit
    Subshrub.
    Vernacular
    Wara atsu.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A branched undershrub up to 6 ft. high
    Note
    Formerly much cultivated, probably not indigenous.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Weed
    [UPB]
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Tannins Dyestuffs
    Used as a colorant (Tapasco et al. 2015).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Añil, añil indigo, curí.

    Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 25, 2014 Valenzuela, L. [12676], Peru K000966932
    Apr 10, 2012 Suclli, E. [3106], Peru K000813328
    Apr 17, 2007 Melo, Y. [154], Brazil K000921207
    Mar 17, 2007 Paciornik, E.F. [160], Brazil K000921214
    May 1, 2003 Bahia K000188211
    May 1, 2003 Gardner, G. [5434], Paraíba K000188208
    May 1, 2003 Moricand, M.E. [s.n.], Bahia K000188209
    Jan 1, 2002 Arbo, M.M. [7290], Bahia K000188229
    Aug 1, 2001 Groppo, M. Jr. [572], Brazil K000921210
    Feb 1, 1999 Folli, D.A. [2859], Brazil K000921215
    Jan 1, 1999 Amorim, A.M. [2560], Bahia K000188233
    Jan 1, 1997 Arbo, M.M. [7290], Bahia K000188228
    Jan 1, 1997 Silva, G.P. [2467], Rio Grande do Norte K000188227
    Oct 1, 1995 Oliveira, M. [27], Pernambuco K000188221
    Oct 1, 1995 Menezes, E. [44], Pernambuco K000188220
    Oct 1, 1995 Menezes, E. [64], Pernambuco K000188222
    Oct 1, 1995 Menezes, E. [43], Pernambuco K000188223
    Oct 1, 1995 Tschá, M.C. [118], Pernambuco K000188224
    Jun 1, 1995 Tschá, M.C. [68], Pernambuco K000188219
    May 1, 1995 Carvalho, A.M. [3809], Bahia K000188237
    Jan 1, 1994 Dutra, E.A. [18], Bahia K000188232
    Jul 1, 1992 Gardner, G. [974], Pernambuco K000188210
    Oct 1, 1990 Noblick, L.R. [4344], Bahia K000188231
    Jun 8, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.] K000921169
    Nov 3, 1986 Coradin, L. [5691], Brazil K000921216
    Nov 1, 1986 Coradin, L. [6587], Bahia K000188225
    Nov 1, 1986 Coradin, L. [5959], Pernambuco K000188226
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [750], Bahia K000188213
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [789], Bahia K000188217
    Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [725], Bahia K000188234
    Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [765], Bahia K000188238
    Jan 1, 1976 Lasseign, A. [21176], Brazil K000921211
    Nov 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [16937], Bahia K000188215
    Jan 1, 1962 Eiten, G. [2743], Brazil K000921166
    Jan 1, 1961 Eiten, G. [1991], Brazil K000921168
    Harley, R.M. [17274], Bahia K000188214
    Harley, R.M. [16911], Bahia K000188216
    Harley, R.M. [18059], Bahia K000188218
    Hinton, G.B. [11055], Mexico K000119422
    Hinton, G.B. [1178], Mexico K000119423
    Hinton, G.B. [5452], Mexico K000119424
    Hinton, G.B. [12236], Mexico K000119425
    Hinton, G.B. [10193], Mexico K000119426
    Philcox, D. [4474], Brazil K000921171
    Hooker [1835], Brazil K000921182
    Rico, L. [1169], Bolivia K000295011
    Rico, L. [1418], Bolivia K000295408
    Fraser [s.n.] K000921167
    Mori, S.A. [11726], Bahia K000188235
    Carvalho, A.M. [2447], Bahia K000188236
    Spruce, R. [6026], Ecuador K000200947
    Spruce, R. [6026], Ecuador K000200948
    Trinta, Z.A. [515], Brazil K000921178
    Trinta, Z.A. [723], Brazil K000921198
    Ule, E. [8857], Brazil K000921170
    Luschnath [811], Brazil K000921189
    Eiten, G. [5943], Brazil K000921196
    Eiten, G. [7851], Brazil K000921212
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Bahia K000188212
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.] K000921188
    Anderson, W.R. [35700], Brazil K000921209
    Usteri, A. [43], Brazil K000921180
    Smith, L.B. [2117], Brazil K000921192
    Dusén, P. [6648], Brazil K000921194
    Baker, C.F. [9491], Brazil K000921193
    Coulter [s.n.], Mexico K000921181
    Fox [282], Brazil K000921179
    Guillemin [425], Brazil K000921203
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K000921213
    Fróes, R.L. [1883], Brazil K000921165
    Mertens [799], Brazil K000921183
    Pedra Cavalo, G. [17], Bahia K000188230
    Prance, G.T. [59598], Brazil K000921206
    Usteri, P.A. [89b], Brazil K000921177
    Patino, V.M. [031-01], Brazil K000921208
    Traill, J.W.H. [127], Brazil K000921201
    Traill, J.W.H. [127], Brazil K000921205
    Mexia, Y. [4522], Brazil K000921202
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [5211], Brazil K000921174
    Gardner [6003], Brazil K000921173
    Gardner [6003], Brazil K000921197
    Gardner [5434], Brazil K000921199
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000921187
    s.coll. [44], Brazil K000921191
    s.coll. [953], Colombia K000921195
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K000921184
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K000921185
    Glaziou [3821], Brazil K000921175
    Glaziou [3721], Brazil K000921176
    Spruce, R. [260], Brazil K000921186
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K000921190
    Guilhemin [s.n.], Brazil K000921200
    Traill, J.WH. [127a], Brazil K000921204

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 2 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • da Silva e Silva, W.L., Cajueiro Gurgel, E.S., Moreira dos Santos, J.U. & Falcão da Silva, M. (2013). Inventário e distribuição geográfica de Leguminosae no arquipélago de Marajó, PA, Brazil Hoehnea 40: 627-647.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
    • Tapasco, J., et al. (2015). Impactos económicos del cambio climático en Colombia: especies nativas y biocomercio. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, Monografía No. 257, Washington D.C.
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 162.
    • Tiss. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 3: 271
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 135
    • Gard. Dict., ed. 8: 2 (1768)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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