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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Himalaya to China (Yunnan) and Indo-China.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Habit
Creeping, scrambling or more rarely erect herb, annual or usually perennial, 10–300 cm tall, often rooting at lower nodes; stems pubescent to pilose when young, sometimes also glandular-pubescent, ± soon-glabrescent except for long hairs along nodal line.
Leaves
Leaf pairs ± unequal, ovate, elliptic or lanceolate, 1.5–14 × 0.8–7 cm, base ± asymmetric, rounded to attenuate, margin crenate-serrate or subentire, apex acuminate, upper surface and veins beneath pubescent; lateral veins 4–7(10) pairs; cystoliths arcuate, conspicuous; petiole 0.7–6(10) cm.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, cymules solitary or usually in umbels of 2–4(6), sometimes partially compounded to form verticils at stem apex; primary peduncle 3–70 mm long, sparsely to densely pubescent, with or without spreading glandular hairs; main axis bracts foliaceous, ovate to oblanceolate, to 20 mm long, one pair per umbel; cymules subsessile or peduncles to 33 mm long, one cymule peduncle in umbel often much longer than others; cymule bracts free but clasping, broadly obovate to narrowly oblong-elliptic, unequal, larger bract 7.5–18.5 × 2.5–10.5 mm, apex rounded, acute or acuminate, variously short-pubescent to long-pilose, sometimes only along margin, surface with or without short spreading glandular hairs; bracteoles unequal, linear-lanceolate, the longer 6–11 mm long, margin hyaline.
Calyx
Calyx divided almost to base, lobes 5, subequal, linear-lanceolate, 2–8 mm long, glabrous or ciliate.
Corolla
Corolla 17–32 mm long, white to mauve, with (blackish-)purple markings on palate of lip held in upper position, pubescent externally; tube 10–13.5 mm long; lip held in upper position oblong, 7–18.5 mm long, apex shortly 3-lobed; lip held in lower position obovate or oblong-elliptic, 7–16 mm long, apex rounded or emarginate.
Stamens
Staminal filaments 6–14 mm long, glabrous; anthers 0.6–2 mm long.
Style
Style pubescent towards apex.
Fruits
Capsule 10.5–15.5 mm long, puberulous towards apex with mixed eglandular and glandular hairs, sometimes sparse.
Seeds
Seeds lenticular, (1)1.5–2.5 mm wide, tuberculate.
Distribution
Widespread in tropical Africa from Sierra Leone to Eritrea, south to Angola, Swaziland and South Africa, also in southern Arabia, India to China and Thailand.
Ecology
In montane forest, often in clearings, along margins or in dense scrub along streams; at lower altitudes usually in wet riverine forest (mushitu), also in roadside scrub; often common or dominant in the herb layer; 1100–2200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread and common; Least Concern.

[KBu]

Darbyshire, I. 2015. The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola. Kew Bulletin 70: 44. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9595-4

Type
Type: Yemen, Forsskåls.n. (C, microfiche 60: I. 3 – 4 & 5 – 6, syntypes; LD isosyntype; photos at K!). Fig. 1E, F & G.
Distribution
Widespread in tropical Africa from Sierra Leone to Eritrea, south to Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Swaziland and eastern South Africa; also recorded in southern Arabia and India to China and Thailand. In Angola it is known from the north and the west of the country (Map 1).
Ecology
Forest and moist shaded situations, often in clearings, along forest margins or in dense scrub along streams, also in roadside scrub; often common or dominant in the herb layer.
Conservation
A very widespread and common species in suitable habitat, assessed as of Least Concern (LC) by Darbyshire (2010). However, it appears to be rather scarce in Angola where it reaches its southwestern-most limit and is currently known from only two historic collections.

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Habit
Straggling herb 2-3 ft. high, laxly branched, sometimes with viscid hairs
Ecology
In montane forest.

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Habit
Erect, laxly branched herb, 2-3 ft. high
Flowers
Flowers pale pink or whitish with mauve markings on lip
Ecology
In montane forest.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Hypoestes triflora (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 11, 2015 Forrest, G. [25314], China K000938729
Oct 1, 2012 Gereau, R.E. et al. [7261], Tanzania K000662425
Nov 1, 2004 Bally, P.R.O. [4862], Kenya K000333813
Oct 1, 2004 Napier, E.R. [2618], Kenya K000333822
Oct 1, 2004 Tweedie [886], Kenya K000333827
Oct 1, 2004 Luke, P.A. [8838], Kenya K000333829
Oct 1, 2004 Napper, D.M. [1818], Kenya K000333825
Sep 1, 2004 Luke, W.R.Q. [8992], Kenya K000333816
Jan 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [8943], Cameroon K000109432
Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4047], Cameroon K000109431
Jan 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4573], Cameroon K000339106
Jan 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8685], Cameroon K000339103
Jan 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8720], Cameroon K000339104
Jan 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3390], Cameroon K000339102
Jan 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [672], Cameroon K000339105
Jan 1, 1993 Sidwell, K. [59], Cameroon K000518954
Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [463], Cameroon K000011364
Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [375], Cameroon K000011365
Jan 1, 1990 Nemba, J. [930], Cameroon K000029405
Sep 1, 1988 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8922], Cameroon K000029403
Feb 1, 1978 Greenway, P.J. [15078], Kenya K000333830
Feb 1, 1978 Greenway, P.J. [14848], Kenya K000333832
Jan 1, 1974 Morton, J.K. [1034], Cameroon K000029417
May 18, 1897 Schimper [641], Ethiopia K000379099
May 18, 1897 Schimper [600], Ethiopia K000379100
May 18, 1897 Schimper [1985], Ethiopia K000379104
May 18, 1897 Schimper [1985], Ethiopia K000379105
Jan 1, 1897 Mann, G. [1979], Cameroon K000029414
Verdcourt, B. [1037], Kenya 2830.000
Greenway, P.J. [13827], Kenya K000333831
Dawkins, H.C. [777], Uganda 13078.000
Drummond, R.B. [1387], Tanzania 4233.000
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28476 A], Cameroon K000029409
Ash [49], Ethiopia 51052.000
Bally, P.R.O. [4930], Kenya K000333814
Bally, P.R.O. [1162], Kenya K000333819
Tweedie, E.M. [830], Kenya 2828.000
Bullock, A.A. [3958], Zambia 2829.000
Hepper, F.N. [7081], Kenya K000333810
Gossweiler, J. [1085], Angola K001009798
Napier, E.R. [5882], Kenya K000333820
Napier, E.R. [725], Kenya K000333824
Adamson, J. [89], Kenya K000333826
Maitland, T.D. [257], Cameroon K000029412
Maitland, T.D. [826], Cameroon K000029413
Tweedie [886], Kenya 2831.000
Sanford, W.W. [5523], Cameroon K000029404
Williams, J.G. [74-61], Kenya K000333834
Thomas, D.W. [9300], Cameroon K000011363
Thomas, D.W. [2936], Cameroon K000029406
Thomas, D.W. [2633], Cameroon K000029407
Preuss [745], Cameroon K000029419
Preuss [745], Cameroon K000379043 Unknown type material
Preuss [599], Cameroon K000379042
Brenan, J.P.M. [9397], Cameroon K000029418
Vollesen, K. [682], Kenya K000333812
Luke, P.A. [5217], Kenya K000333833
Napper, D.M. [1820], Kenya K000333821
Napper, D.M. [1487], Kenya K000333823
Breteler, F.J. [200], Cameroon K000029408
Battiscombe, E. [1045], Kenya K000333815
Lind, E.M. [2828], Kenya K000333817
Dunlap [77], Cameroon K000029410
Dunlap [36], Cameroon K000029411
Harris, T. [546], Malawi K000614628
Kabuye, C.H.S. [62], Kenya K000333818
Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10810], Cameroon K000029415
Dawey [1509], Kenya K000333811
Migeod, F. W. H. [150], Cameroon K000029416
May 19, 1897 Schimper [400], Ethiopia Hypoestes microphylla K000379102
May 19, 1897 Schimper [400], Ethiopia Hypoestes microphylla K000379103
Vidal, S. [3401], Philippines Hypoestes caloi K000884425
Pichi-Sermolli, R. [2097], Ethiopia Hypoestes busii K000379091 Unknown type material

First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 1: 141 (1817)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola Kew Bulletin 70(44): 1-10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

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Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Milne-Redhead in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 27 (1954)
  • Benoist in Notulae Syst. 10: 243 (1942)
  • Chev. Bot. 602
  • F.T.A. 5:247
  • Syst. Veg. 1: 141 (1817)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 720 (2010).
  • in Fl. Cap. 5: 87 (1901).
  • —Clarke in F.T.A. 5: 247 (1900).
  • Syst. Veg. 1: 141 (1817).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola Kew Bulletin 70(44): 1-10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0