1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma africanum (Brenan ex R.Wilczek) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·3–1·35 m. long, often forming a tangled mass.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous or sparsely puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, narrowly ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 1–4·5 cm. long, 0·5–2 cm. wide, narrowed to an obtuse but mucronulate apex, rounded at the base, glabrous or sparsely adpressed puberulent on both surfaces; petioles 1·2–3 cm. long; rhachis 1·5–5 mm. long; petiolules ± 1 mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, nerved.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; pedicels ± 1 mm. long; bracts 1·2 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, linear, 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous or glabrescent; tube 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes 1·5–3 mm. long, ciliate, the upper pair almost or completely joined.
    Corolla
    Standard greenish-yellow or cream, often with a faint mauve mark inside, oblong-obovate, 0·6–1·3 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, emarginate.
    Fruits
    Pods stipitate, linear, straight, 3–4·8 cm. long, 3–4 mm. wide, beaked, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds yellow-brown with black mottling or mottled orange, pale buff and greyish-black, oblong, compressed, the margins ± keeled, longest dimension 2–2·8 mm., shorter dimension 2 mm., 1·2 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Grassland, Acacia, Commiphora bushland, termite-hills in seasonally flooded grassland, etc.; 1030–1770 m.
    Distribution
    K3 T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian bushland and thicket, Sudanian grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial climbing or trailing herb, 30–135 cm long, often forming a tangled mass.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous or sparsely puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–4.5 × 0.5–2 cm, narrowly ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed to an obtuse, mucronulate apex, rounded at the base, glabrous or sparsely appressed puberulent on both surfaces; petioles 1.2–3 cm long; rhachis 1.5–5 mm long; petiolules 1 mm long; stipules 3–4 × 1–2 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, striate; stipels 1–2 mm long, linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; pedicels 1 mm long; bracts 1 mm long; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, linear, persistent.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous or glabrescent; tube 1.5–2 mm long; lobes 1.5–3 mm long, ciliate, the upper pair almost completely or completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard greenish-yellow or cream-coloured, often with a faint mauve mark inside, 6–13 × 4–8 mm, oblong-obovate, emarginate; wings 5–10 mm long; keel 6–11 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 30–48 × 3–4 mm, linear, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, beaked, 8–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds yellow-brown with black mottling or mottled orange, pale buff and greyish-black, 2–3 × 2 × 1–1.5 mm, oblong, compressed, the margins keeled.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Slender annual herb, climbing to 6 ft. high, green and glabrescent
    Flowers
    Flowers small, greenish-yellow.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Macrotyloma africanum (Brenan ex R.Wilczek) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10181], Tanzania Dolichos africanus 9258.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9919], Tanzania Dolichos africanus 9262.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 402 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0