1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma axillare (E.Mey.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, SW. Arabian Peninsula Sri Lanka.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing or trailing herb up to 3.5 m long, from a perennial woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, glabrous or with golden appressed or spreading pubescence.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–6.8 × 0.5–4 cm, elliptic to ovate, pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces, generally obtuse to slightly acuminate at the apex, mucronulate, rounded at the base; petiole 8–45 mm long; rhachis 2–8 mm long; petiolules 2 mm long; stipules 2–5 × 1–2 mm, ovate, truncate at the base, striate; stipels 2–3 mm long, linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3–4(10)-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2–3 mm long; bracts 2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate; bracteoles 2–5 mm long, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, triangular, acuminate, upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard white, green to yellow with purple blotch at base, 12–30 × 6–18 mm, oblong to oblong-elliptic, emarginate, with lamelliform appendages up to 7 mm long; wings 10–18 mm long; keel 8–18 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 4–5 mm long, densely appresssed sericeous-pilose.
    Fruits
    Pods 3–8 cm × 5–8 mm, linear-oblong, compressed, glabrous to pubescent, 3–8-seeded; beak 3–15 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds beige to deep red mottled black, 3–4 × 2–3 × 0.5–1.5 mm; hilum small, central.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; wooded grassland., Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian wooded
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Anamilotro, Archer Dolichos, Vohavavy, Vohifoko, Vohiteloravina
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·2–3·5 m. long; rootstock often very stout and woody.
    Stem
    Stems with adpressed, spreading or tangled yellowish hairs or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3(–4), elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, ovate or subrhombic, 1·1–7·5 cm. long, 0·7–4·2 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded to subacute at the base, pubescent to glabrous on both surfaces; petiole 1–5·5 cm. long; rhachis 2–11 mm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in 2–4(–10)-flowered fascicles; peduncles obsolete or very short; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts ± persistent, linear-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, linear, 2·5–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube ± 2 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2·5–5 mm. long, narrowly acuminate, the upper pair almost or entirely joined.
    Corolla
    Standard whitish or green to yellow with crimson or purplish spot inside near the centre, oblong-elliptic, 1–2·4 cm. long, 0·6–1·5 cm. wide, emarginate, the internal appendages very well marked, ± 5 mm. long; wings and keel greenish to yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, 3–8 cm. long, (5–)6–8 mm. wide, glabrous to pubescent, acuminate.
    Seeds
    Seeds buff to dark red with sparse to very dense black mottling, rounded or ellipsoid, compressed, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 0·6–1·5 mm. thick; hilum small, central; rim-aril obsolete.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Perennial climbing herb, 3–4 ft. high, pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers pale green.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bolivia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Queensland

    Macrotyloma axillare (E.Mey.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 402 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Hacker, J. B. (1990). A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0