1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma daltonii (Webb) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Dry Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb, climbing or trailing, up to 70 cm long.
    Stem
    Stems slender, villous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 24–58 × 8–34 mm, elliptic, the lateral leaflets sometimes oblique, all leaflets appressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 0.8–5.6 cm long; rhachis 2 mm long; petiolules 2–3 mm long; stipules 5–7 mm long, ovate, striate; stipels 2–3 mm long, narrowly ovate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3–4-flowered fascicles; pedicels 1–2 mm long; bracts 5–8 mm long, triangular, acuminate, striate; bracteoles 4–5 mm long, narrowly triangular, acuminate.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 1–2 mm long; lobes 5–12 mm long, narrowly triangular, acuminate.
    Corolla
    Standard yellowish-cream, green or white, purple veined, 9–16 × 6–9 mm, oblong-obovate, emarginate, with 5–6 mm long lamelliform appendages; wings 8–11 mm long; keel 8–12 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 8–11 mm long, fusiform, sericeous; style to 6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.8–4.7 cm × 5–8 mm, linear-oblong, sparsely hirsute, 3–6-seeded; beak 3–5 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown mottled black, 5 × 3 × 1 mm, smooth.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Annual, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    An apparently annual, or sometimes perennial, climbing or trailing herb up to 0·7 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems covered with fairly long soft hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, elliptic, the laterals somewhat oblique, 2–6·8 cm. long, 0·7–4·5 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate and narrowly to broadly rounded at the base, thin, adpressed pubescent to shortly pilose on both surfaces; petiole 1–6·4 cm. long; rhachis 4–10 mm. long; petiolules ±2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate-triangular, 5–9 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, nerved.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or 2–3 in fascicles; pedicels 1·5–3 mm. long; bracts 2 mm. long; bracteoles persistent, linear, 3–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes filiform, 5–10 mm. long, the upper pair joined for ± two-thirds to almost their entire length.
    Corolla
    Standard greenish-yellow or cream, usually with a mauve mark inside, oblong-obovate, 0·9–1·6 cm. long, 6–9 mm. wide, emarginate; wings and keel narrow, cream or pale yellow-green.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, straight or slightly curved, 2·5–4·5 cm. long, 6–8 mm. wide, flattened, beaked, rather laxly covered with long white hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish or pale pinkish-brown, densely mottled with grey and black, oblong-reniform, flattened, rather keeled on the margins, longest dimension 4·2–6 mm., shorter dimension 3·5–5 mm., 1·5–2 mm. thick; hilum very small, central; rim-aril minute.
    Habitat
    Grassland, thicket, open Brachystegia woodland and derived cultivations, waste ground, etc.; 900–1350 m.
    Distribution
    K6 T1 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A twiner
    Flowers
    Yellow flowers
    Ecology
    In savannah.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Verde, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Macrotyloma daltonii (Webb) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Hooker, J.D. [144], Cape Verde K000263629 syntype

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 401 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 401 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/