1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma densiflorum (Welw. ex Baker) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect herb to 1.75 m tall, from a perennial woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, several, sparsely covered with appressed silvery or ferruginous hairs on lower parts, densely covered on upper parts.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2.5–9 × 1–2.5 cm, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, subacute to rounded at the apex, apiculate, cuneate to rounded at the base, upper surface glabrous apart from appressed hairs on the midvein and margins, lower surface densely silvery sericeous velvety; petiole 6–8 mm long; rhachis 3–4 mm long; petiolules 2–3 mm long; stipules 8–10 mm long, lanceolate, densely sericeous, striate; stipels 2–3 mm long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in 5–7-flowered fascicles; pedicels 2–4 mm long; bracts and bracteoles 3–13 mm long, lanceolate, densely silvery sericeous.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely silvery sericeous; tube 3 mm long; lobes 3–12 mm long, lanceolate or triangular, the upper two fused for almost all their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow-green, 14–20 × 8–19 mm, obovate, emarginate at the apex, with linear appendages 4–5 mm long; wings 12–18 × 3–4 mm; keel petals 10–15 × 4–5 mm, fused.
    Ovary
    Ovary 9–13 mm long, densely sericeous, 6–8-ovuled.
    Fruits
    Pod 3.8–5 cm × 6–12 mm, compressed, glabrous to densely hairy (at least when young), 6–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown, 5–7 × 3–5 × 2 mm.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb, 0·4–1·75 m. tall, from a tough woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems several, sparsely branched at base, densely covered with ± adpressed silvery or ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, oblong-elliptic, 2·5–7·8 cm. long, 1–2·7 cm. wide, rounded or subacute and mucronulate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, with adpressed hairs on the margins and midrib but otherwise practically glabrous above, densely covered with adpressed silvery hairs beneath at first, but later glabrescent; petiole 6–8 mm. long; rhachis 3–4 mm. long; petiolules 2–3 mm. long; stipules oblong-lanceolate, 8–12 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, adpressed silvery pubescent, ribbed.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–7 in dense axillary fascicles; peduncle very short or obsolete; pedicels 2–4 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, 3–6·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx adpressed or spreading silvery silky pubescent; tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes triangular, 3–5(–7) mm. long, the upper pair joined to form a triangular lobe bifid at the extreme apex.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow-green, obovate, 1·4–2·4 cm. long, 0·9–1·8 cm. wide, emarginate.
    Fruits
    Pod linear-oblong, 3–8·5 cm. long, 0·6–1·2 cm. wide, ± margined, rugulose, glabrous, pubescent or with adpressed cottony indumentum.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown with black speckling, ellipsoid, compressed, longest dimension 5–7 mm., shorter dimension 3·5–4·5 mm., 2·5 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Edges of cultivation on rock outcrops; 1500 m.
    Distribution
    T4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Macrotyloma densiflorum (Welw. ex Baker) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead [4491], Zambia 59579.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 403 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 403 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0