1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma maranguense (Taub.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & E. Tropical Africa, S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or trailing herb 0·8–2·4 m. long, often rooting at the nodes.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent with short spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, elliptic or lanceolate, 1·8–8 cm. long, 0·6–4·5 cm. wide, obtuse or rarely subacute at the apex, rounded or somewhat narrowed at the base, finely adpressed pubescent on both surfaces, the margins often with a characteristic short close white pubescence, lower surface often purplish due to dense resin dots, penni-nerved but rather prominently 3-nerved from the base; petiole 1·7–20 cm. long; rhachis 1–10 mm. long; petiolules 0·5–4 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3–7 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, pubescent, veined; stipels longer than in other related species, 4–8 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Flowers 1–4 in axillary fascicles or in longer false inflorescences which are really slender leafless branches with several axillary fascicles; peduncle really very short but appearing to be 1·5–5 cm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles persistent, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1·5–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Normal flowers:calyx pubescent; tube 2–3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 1·5–3(–6) mm. long, the upper pair joined for two-thirds to almost their entire length. Standard cream or pale yellow, flushed mauve inside near the base, oblong-elliptic to almost round, 1–1·7 cm. long, 1·2–1·4 cm. wide, emarginate; wings and keel sometimes slightly twisted. Cleistogamous flowers:calyx ± 2·7 mm. long; standard rounded-ovate, 6·5 mm. long, 6 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Single-seeded geocarpic fruits almost round, 1–1·2 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, compressed, beaked, wrinkled. Pods oblong, 2–3·5 cm. long, 7 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds yellowish or pinkish-brown, mottled with black and yellow-brown, or all blackish, elliptic or oblong-reniform, longest dimension 4·5–7 mm., shorter dimension 3–5 mm., 3·5 mm. thick; aril developed, white.
    Note
    Imperfectly known species
    Habitat
    Grassland, grassland with scattered trees; 900–1650 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 U2 Z

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Macrotyloma maranguense (Taub.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 404 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 404 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Verdcourt, B. (1982). Hookers Ic. Pl. 38, 4:1-138. A revision of Macrotyloma (Legum.)
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0