1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma oliganthum (Brenan) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Trailing or twining herb up to 45 cm long, arising from a perennial woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2.6–9 × 0.7–2.6 cm, oblong-elliptic, the lateral leaflets slightly oblique, all leaflets with midvein not central, subacute or obtuse at the apex, apiculate, rounded at the base, appressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 2.2–6 cm long; rhachis 1–4 mm long; petiolules 2 mm long; stipules 4–8 × 2–3 mm, ovate, striate; stipels 2 mm long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, in pairs or in 3-flowered fascicles; pedicels 3–5 mm long, bracts 3–5 mm long, lanceolate, striate; bracteoles 2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 2–4 mm long, sparsely spreading pubescent; lobes 2–4 mm long, triangular, spreading pubescent, the upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard greenish-cream tinged purple inside or greenish-yellow with purple-red blotch, 12–20 × 12–17 mm, broadly elliptic, emarginate at the apex, with 4–6 mm long linear appendages; wings 11–14 × 1–2 mm; keel 12–15 × 2–4 mm.
    Ovary
    Ovary 5–6 mm long, linear, appressed pubescent.
    Fruits
    Pods 5.8–8 cm × 5–6 mm, compressed, linear, glabrous, pale green; beak 1–3 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown, up to 5 × 3 × 1 mm, compressed; aril poorly developed.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial herb, some shoots erect at first, others trailing or twining, up to 45 cm. long; rootstock thick and woody.
    Stem
    Stems covered with spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, oblong or elliptic, the laterals slightly oblique, 1–8 cm. long, 0·4–3 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at the apex, narrowed to a ± rounded base, adpressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1·5–6 cm. long; rhachis 0–2 mm. long; petiolules 2 mm. long; stipules ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 4–10 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide, ribbed.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–3 in axillary fascicles; pedicels 3–5 mm. long; bracts ±1·5 mm. long; bracteoles lanceolate, 2–3·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx spreading pubescent; tube 2·5–4 mm. long; lobes triangular, 2·5–4 mm. long, the upper pair completely joined.
    Corolla
    Standard greenish-cream outside, tinged reddish-purple inside, or greenish-yellow with purple-red patch inside, rounded-obovate, 1·2–1·7 cm. long, 0·9–1·5 cm. wide.
    Fruits
    Pods linear, slightly curved, 5–8 cm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, margined, beaked, glabrous or almost so.
    Seeds
    Seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia, Uapaca woodland; 970–1500 m.
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Macrotyloma oliganthum (Brenan) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 16, 2002 Cruse, A.W. [198], Zambia K000071795
    May 16, 2002 Brass, L.J. [16364], Malawi K000071790 holotype
    May 16, 2002 Corby, H.D.L. [1009], Zimbabwe K000071808
    May 16, 2002 Corby, H.D.L. [1763], Zimbabwe K000071809
    May 16, 2002 Biegel, H.M. [3939], Zimbabwe K000071810
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [1018], Zambia K000071796
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [1018], Zambia K000071797
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [1018], Zambia K000071798
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [4934], Zambia K000071799
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [4965], Zambia K000071800
    May 16, 2002 Richards, H.M. [16291], Zambia K000071802
    May 16, 2002 Hilliard, O.M. [4175], Malawi K000071791
    May 16, 2002 Hislop, A. [Z242], Zimbabwe K000071804
    May 16, 2002 Hislop, A. [Z242], Zimbabwe K000071805
    May 16, 2002 Pawek, Jean [1876], Malawi K000071792
    May 16, 2002 Pawek, Jean [10979A], Malawi K000071793
    May 16, 2002 Eyles, Fred. [603], Zimbabwe K000071803
    May 16, 2002 Norlindh, Tycho [4894], Zimbabwe K000071807
    May 16, 2002 Myres, R.J. [93B], Zimbabwe K000071806
    May 16, 2002 Shepherd, C. [36], Zambia K000071801
    May 16, 2002 Blackmore, S. [631], Malawi K000071794
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9702], Tanzania Dolichos oliganthus 11465.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 403 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 403 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0