1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma prostratum Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Trailing perennial herb about 1 m. long from a thin woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems slender, covered with rather tangled white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, the terminal oblong-elliptic, the laterals ovate-elliptic, 1–5 cm. long, 0·4–2·5 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at the apex, narrowly rounded at the base, rather sparsely covered with long white adpressed hairs particularly along the margins, and also densely covered with microscopic black dots; petiole 1–6·5 cm. long; rhachis 1–3 mm. long; petiolules ± 1 mm. long; stipules conspicuous, persistent, ovate, (3–)7–10 mm. long, (2–)4–6 mm. wide, up to 15-veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers several in axillary fascicles; pedicels 4 mm. long; bracts elliptic-lanceolate; bracteoles placed near middle of pedicel, 6–8 mm. long, 2·5–3·5 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 3–4 mm. long, glabrescent; lobes leafy, ovate-lanceolate, 6·5–7·5 mm. long, the lowest somewhat rounded at the base, all acuminate; upper pair joined for two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard ? red or bright yellow, obovate, 1·8 cm. long, 1·2–1·4 cm. wide.
    Fruits
    Young fruits densely white hairy.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; 1100–1350 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T5 not seen from elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Prostrate herb up to 1 m long, arising from a perennial fibrous and tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, slightly flexuous, with rather long tangled white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets sparsely white appressed pubescent on both surfaces, more densely so on midvein and margin and densely covered with black gland dots; terminal leaflet 1.5–4.5 × 0.8–2 cm, narrowly elliptic or narrowly ovate; lateral leaflets 1.5–3.8 × 0.8–1.6 cm long, narrowly ovate to ovate; petiole 2.1–5.2 cm long; rhachis 1–3 mm long; petiolules 1–3 mm long; stipules 7–10 × 4–6 mm, ovate, up to 15-striate; stipels 2–3 mm long, narrowly ovate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3–4-flowered fascicles; pedicels 3–4 mm long; bracts 6–8 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, striate; bracetoles 4–6 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrescent; tube 3–4 mm long; lobes 6–8 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, the upper pair fused for two-thirds of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow with purple blotch or greenish-cream (Pawek 1079B), 1.6–2 × 1.2–1.4 cm, obovate, auriculate, glabrous, with linear appendages to 6 mm long; wings 12–16 × 2–4 mm, glabrous; keel 14–16 × 4–5 mm, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary up to 10 mm long, fusiform, densely appressed pubescent; style to 8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods (immature) 3–5.2 cm × 4–6 mm, linear-oblong, densely pubescent, 5–7-seeded; beak 5–10 mm long; valve margins thickened to form a ridge.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown, 4 × 2 × 1 mm.
    Note
    Only one fruiting collection seen.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Macrotyloma prostratum Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 16, 2002 Verboom, W.C. [432], Zambia K000071777
    May 16, 2002 Verboom, W.C. [432], Zambia K000071778
    May 16, 2002 Pawek, Jean [10797B], Malawi K000071774
    May 16, 2002 Pawek, Jean [13657], Malawi K000071775
    May 16, 2002 Pawek, Jean [14002], Malawi K000071776

    First published in Kew Bull. 25: 176 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 25: 176 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0