1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma stipulosum (Welw. ex Baker) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect herb up to 30 cm tall, from a perennial woody tuberous rootstock.
    Indumentum
    All axes white spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, occasionally lower leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets 2.4–10 × 0.5–2.5 cm, oblanceolate, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, rarely linear, slightly discolorous, rounded or subacute at the apex, apiculate, cuneate at the base, sparsely hairy to glabrescent on both surfaces; petiole 6–25 mm long; rhachis 2–4 mm long; petiolules 2 mm long; stipules 7–15 × 3–5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, striate; stipels 4–5 mm long, narrowly lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in 3–4-flowered fascicles; peduncles 2–5 mm long; pedicels 4–10 mm long; bracts 3–5 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3–4 mm long, linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 2–3 mm long, glabrescent or sparsely pilose, striate; lobes 4–9 mm long, sparsely pilose, the upper pair fused for up to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard 12–20 × 8–13 mm, broadly elliptic, emarginate at the apex, pale green to yellow flushed with pink; wings 17–21 × 3–4 mm; keel 13–17 × 3–5 mm.
    Ovary
    Ovary 9 mm long densely white sericeous.
    Fruits
    Pods 4.5–6 cm × 5.5–6.5 mm, linear, compressed, densely appressed pilose, beaked, 9–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown speckled black, 2–3 × 2–3 × 1–2 mm, squarish.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb 10–30 cm. tall, with a carrot-like woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems covered with spreading white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3 or on lowermost leaves 1, paler beneath, oblong-elliptic to linear or oblanceolate, 2–7·5 cm. long, (0·15–)0·9–2 cm. wide, rounded or subacute and mucronulate at the apex, cuneate, glabrous or with sparse hairs on the midrib and minutely granular above, sparsely pilose or glabrescent beneath; petiole 0·6–3 cm. long; rhachis 2–3·5 mm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules persistent, oblong-lanceolate, 6–13 mm. long, 3·5–4·5 mm. wide, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers 3–4 in axillary fascicles; peduncles 2–6 mm. long; pedicels 4–12 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles persistent, linear, 3–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 2–5 mm. long, veined, glabrescent or sparsely pilose; lobes linear-lanceolate, 5–9(–12) mm. long, sparsely spreading pilose, the upper pair joined for half to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard pale greenish or yellow with some pink flushing, broadly elliptic, curved, 1·4–2·1 cm. long, 1–1·4 cm. wide, shallowly emarginate.
    Fruits
    Pod linear, 4·5–6 cm. long, 5·5–6·5 mm. wide, compressed, margined, narrowed to the beaked apex, densely adpressed pilose.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish-brown with black speckling, squarish, longest dimension ± 3 mm., shorter dimension 2·5 mm., 1·5 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Grassland subject to burning, Brachystegia woodland; 1200–1650 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 T1 T4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Macrotyloma stipulosum (Welw. ex Baker) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Welwitsch [2220], Angola K000263617 isolectotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 403 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 403 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1954). Flore du Congo Belge Vol. 6. Dalbergieae, Vicieae, Phaseoleae

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0