1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma tenuiflorum (Micheli) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Ethiopia and Angola.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Completely prostrate herb, with stems up to 0·8 m. long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems slender, densely covered with spreading to somewhat adpressed pale hairs, often rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, broadly elliptic, round or obovate, the laterals somewhat oblique, 1–4·5 cm. long, 0·7–3·5 cm. wide, emarginate or rounded but mucronate at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded at the base, adpressed pubescent on both surfaces and with a fringe of adpressed white hairs noticeable around the margin, often with a purplish tinge due to resin dots and the main nerves margined with pale yellowish above; petiole 0·4–1·3 cm. long, channelled, pubescent; rhachis mostly obsolete; petiolules 1–1·5 mm. long; stipules oblong-elliptic, 2–3 mm. long, 1–1·5 mm. wide, persistent, mostly dark brownish-purple with pale nerves.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; peduncles 0–2 cm. long (probably leafless side shoots); pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely pubescent; tube 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes triangular or elongate-triangular, 1–2 mm. long, lowest lobe longest, upper pair joined completely or almost so to form a lip.
    Corolla
    Standard white or yellowish-blue, sometimes marked with reddish-purple, obovate, 0·8–1·2 cm. long, 5–7 mm. wide, emarginate; wings and keel whitish.
    Fruits
    Pods linear, 4–5·2 cm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, glabrous, apiculate.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut, compressed oblong-ellipsoid, longest dimension 2·5–3 mm., shorter dimension 1·2–1·5 mm., 0·6 mm. thick; hilum central, oblong-elliptic; narrowest end of seed tipped with a translucent glandular cap (? elaiosome) not connected with the hilum.
    Habitat
    On bare stony ground in grassland and open Combretum wooded grassland; 1080 m.
    Distribution
    U2

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Macrotyloma tenuiflorum (Micheli) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 402 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 402 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0