1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0·6 m. long, often from a tough rootstock, possibly sometimes suberect.
    Stem
    Stems sparsely to fairly densely covered with ± spreading soft whitish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, the laterals oblique, 1–3·5(–8 in Indian material) cm. long, 0·7–2·7(–7·8 in Indian material) cm. wide, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0·8–6·8 cm. long; rhachis 2·5–10 mm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in (1–)2–3 (–5)-flowered fascicles; peduncle and rhachis 0–1·5 cm. long; pedicels 1–7 mm. long; bracts linear, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear, ± 3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex, upper pair entirely joined.
    Corolla
    Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, obovate-oblong, 0·6–1·2 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, 3–5·5 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, acuminate, at first densely, later more sparsely silky pilose with long hairs or glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform; margins ± keeled, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·8–3·5 mm., thickness 1·5–2 mm.; hilum and rim-aril minute.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing (possibly sometimes suberect) herb up to 60 cm long, from a perennial fibrous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, sparsely to densely spreading or appressed sericeous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–3.5 × 0.7–2.7 cm, ovate-rhombic, obovate or elliptic, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, laterals oblique, midvein not central, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0.8–6.8 cm long; rhachis 2.5–10 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 4–8 mm long, lanceolate, striate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3(5)-flowered fascicles, rarely solitary; peduncle and rhachis 0–15 mm long; pedicels 1–7 mm long; bracts 2 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3 mm long, linear, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 3 mm long; lobes 3 mm long, linear, upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, 6–12 × 4–7 mm, obovate-oblong; wings and keel greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 30–55 × 4–8 mm, linear-oblong, acuminate, densely pilose when young, later more sparsely so, glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins, 7–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, 3–4 × 3–4 × 1.5–2 mm, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform, margins keeled; hilum and rim aril minute.

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cameroon, East Himalaya, Guinea, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Jawa, Nepal, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

    Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Bourne [3257], Andhra Pradesh K000900660
    Bidgood, S. [5765], Tanzania K000468659

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • (2014) Australian Plant Census (APC) . Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013) Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh , Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh
    • (2012) Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56
    • Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010) Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis)
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004) Legumes of Malesia a Check-List . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • (2003) Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003) Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • Lock, J.M. (1989) Legumes of Africa a check-list . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 322, 401 (1970).
    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    • (2014) Australian Plant Census (APC) . Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013) Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh , Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh
    • (2012) Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56
    • Onana, J.M. (2011) The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments . National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé
    • Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010) Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis)
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004) Legumes of Malesia a Check-List . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003) Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • (2001) Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • Lock, J.M. (1989) Legumes of Africa a check-list . Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • Berhaut, J. (1976) Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2017. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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