1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Macrotyloma (Wight & Arn.) Verdc.
      1. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial or annual climbing herb up to 0·6 m. long, often from a tough rootstock, possibly sometimes suberect.
    Stem
    Stems sparsely to fairly densely covered with ± spreading soft whitish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate-rhomboid, obovate or elliptic, the laterals oblique, 1–3·5(–8 in Indian material) cm. long, 0·7–2·7(–7·8 in Indian material) cm. wide, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0·8–6·8 cm. long; rhachis 2·5–10 mm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, veined.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in (1–)2–3 (–5)-flowered fascicles; peduncle and rhachis 0–1·5 cm. long; pedicels 1–7 mm. long; bracts linear, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear, ± 3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex, upper pair entirely joined.
    Corolla
    Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, obovate-oblong, 0·6–1·2 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods linear-oblong, 3–5·5 cm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, acuminate, at first densely, later more sparsely silky pilose with long hairs or glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform; margins ± keeled, longest dimension 3–4·2 mm., shorter dimension 2·8–3·5 mm., thickness 1·5–2 mm.; hilum and rim-aril minute.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitional zone; wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Horse Gram, Kollu, Kulthi, Madras Gram
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing (possibly sometimes suberect) herb up to 60 cm long, from a perennial fibrous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems annual, sparsely to densely spreading or appressed sericeous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1–3.5 × 0.7–2.7 cm, ovate-rhombic, obovate or elliptic, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, rather thin, laterals oblique, midvein not central, glabrescent to pubescent or rarely velvety on both surfaces; petiole 0.8–6.8 cm long; rhachis 2.5–10 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 4–8 mm long, lanceolate, striate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in pairs or in 3(5)-flowered fascicles, rarely solitary; peduncle and rhachis 0–15 mm long; pedicels 1–7 mm long; bracts 2 mm long, linear; bracteoles 3 mm long, linear, attenuate to an acuminate or filiform apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 3 mm long; lobes 3 mm long, linear, upper pair completely fused.
    Corolla
    Standard cream, yellow or greenish-yellow, often with a small central purple blotch inside, 6–12 × 4–7 mm, obovate-oblong; wings and keel greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 30–55 × 4–8 mm, linear-oblong, acuminate, densely pilose when young, later more sparsely so, glabrous, smooth or warty along the margins, 7–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale to dark reddish-brown, speckled and mottled with black and orange-brown or all black, 3–4 × 3–4 × 1.5–2 mm, trapezoidal, oblong or rounded-reniform, margins keeled; hilum and rim aril minute.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cameroon, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Jawa, Nepal, Philippines, Queensland, Taiwan

    Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Bourne [3257], Andhra Pradesh K000900660
    Bidgood, S. [5765], Tanzania K000468659
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5538], Myanmar Dolichos uniflorus K001121229
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538], India Dolichos uniflorus K001121226
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538] Dolichos uniflorus K001121227
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5538] Dolichos uniflorus K001121228

    First published in Kew Bull. 24: 322 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 24: 322, 401 (1970).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
    • Saxena, H. O. & Brahman, M. (1994). The Flora of Orissa (Ranunculaceae to Fabaceae)
    • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
    • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
    • Hacker, J. B. (1990). A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1982). Hookers Ic. Pl. 38, 4:1-138. A revision of Macrotyloma (Legum.)
    • Ali, S. I. (1977). Papilion. In: Flora of West Pakistan, No 100.
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Backer, C. A. (1963). Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0