1. Family: Burmanniaceae Blume
    1. Burmannia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Burmanniaceae, E.J. Cowley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1988

    Habit
    Erect annual or perennial herbs, saprophytic or not, usually unbranched, green or not, 3-40 cm. high
    Stem
    Stems with small alternate colourless scale-like leaves
    Leaves
    Basal leaves usually minute, lanceolate, scale-like, up to 2 mm. long, or a basal rosette of larger, linear, imbricate green leaves, sometimes very few in number
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, sometimes a single flower, or a dense cyme of 2-30 flowers
    Perianth
    Perianth regular, blue, white, or rarely yellow; tube cylindric or trigonous, prominently 3-angled, winged, ridged or not; tepals 3 or 6, persistent; inner tepals smaller than triangular outer tepals, or lacking
    Stamens
    Stamens 3, in the perianth-tube below the inner tepals, sessile or subsessile, basifixed; thecae globose or clavate, dehiscing transversely; connective with entire or forked to bilobed crest above and sometimes with basal spur
    Pistil
    Ovary 3-locular, with axil placentas, often 3-winged with the perianth; style entire or shortly 3-lobed, equal to the perianth-tube; stigma terminal on style or style-branches
    Fruits
    Capsule 3-angled or 3-winged, crowned by persistent perianth, dehiscing irregularly by slits between the wings
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose; testa thin, reticulate or striate, usually adpressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Burmannia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Carr, C.E., Malaysia 18210.000
    Carr, C.E., Malaysia 23508.000
    Harley, R.M. [22891], Brazil 72767.000
    Leppard, M. [1044], Brazil 37079.000
    Rees, T. [63], Papua New Guinea 46233.000
    Johns, R.J. [9157], New Guinea 64291.000
    Williamson [557], Zambia 32980.000
    Poulsen, A.D. [1633], Borneo 72484.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 287 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Jonker, Monogr. Burmanniac. 57 (1938).
    • F.T.A. 7: 11
    • Sp. Pl. 287 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Geerinck in F.C.B., Burmanniaceae: 3 (1970)
    • Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 179 (1968)
    • H. Perrier in Fl. Madag. 48: 2 (1946)
    • Jonker in Med. Bot. Mus. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 51: 57 (1938)
    • in Fl. Cap. 5(3): 2 (1913)
    • C.H. Wright in F.T.A. 7: 11 (1897)
    • G.P. 3(2): 457 (1883)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 139 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 287 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0