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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and Zimbabwe, SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial trailing or climbing herb from a woody base; stems glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 3, ovate to rhomboid, 1–5 x 1–5 cm, mostly acuminate at the apex, finely puberulous on both surfaces, often with silky margins; stipules narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers on a rhachis 4–16 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 1.5–3 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard mostly plain yellow but sometimes purplish veined, 9–17 mm long, pubescent and gland-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 15–20 x 4.5–5.5 mm, finely to densely puberulous and gland-dotted.
Distribution
N1; S1–3; Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, N Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Yemen
Ecology
Altitude up to c. 1600 m.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial trailing or climbing herb 0.3–3 m long from a woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems woody at the base, ridged, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 3, 0.6–4.6(6.5) × 0.6–5.5 cm, ovate, rhombic or rounded, the laterals oblique, rounded to mostly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or truncate at the base, glabrous to finely puberulous on both surfaces, the margins often densely silky, densely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 0.7–6.5 cm long; rhachis 2–12 mm long; petiolules 1–2.5 mm long; stipules 4–5 × 1 mm, lanceolate, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, lax or rather dense; rhachis 4–16 cm long; peduncle 1.5–7 cm long; pedicels 1.5–2.5 mm long; bracts subpersistent, 1.5–2 × 0.5 mm, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx puberulous and gland-dotted; tube 1.5–3 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, triangular, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined for ± three-quarters of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard mostly clear yellow but sometimes with crimson veins, 8–14 × 5–9.5 mm, obovate or almost round, puberulous and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods (12)15–20 × 4.5–5.5 mm, oblong-falcate, narrowed at the base, finely to densely puberulous and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greyish with dark and light mottling, 4.5 × 3 × 2 mm, rounded-reniform, slightly keeled.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial trailing or climbing herb 0·3–3 m. long from a probably woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems woody at the base, ridged, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate, rhomboid or rounded, the laterals oblique, 0·6–4·6 (–6·5) cm. long, 0·6–5·5 cm. wide, rounded to mostly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or truncate at the base, glabrous to finely puberulous on both surfaces, the margins often densely silky, densely gland-dotted beneath; petiole 0·7–6·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·2–1·2 cm. long; petiolules 1–2·5 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 4–5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, lax or rather dense; rhachis 4–16 cm. long; peduncle 1·5–7 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–2·5 mm. long; bracts subpersistent, lanceolate, 1·5–2 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx puberulous and gland-dotted; tube 1·5–3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 2–5 mm. long, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined for ± three-quarters of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard mostly clear yellow in the Flora area but sometimes with crimson veins, obovate or almost round, 0·8–1·4 cm. long, 5–9·5 mm. wide, puberulous and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods oblong-falcate, (1–2–)1·5–2 cm. long, 4·5–5·5 mm. wide, narrowed at the base, finely to densely puberulous and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds rounded-reniform, greyish with dark and light mottling, slightly keeled, longest dimension 4·5 mm., shorter dimension 3 mm., 2 mm. thick.
Figures
Fig. 109/38, p. 716.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland, Acacia scrub, sometimes in plantations; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 U1 Z

Native to:

Cameroon, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Réunion

Rhynchosia malacophylla (Spreng.) Bojer appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper, W. [2244], Ethiopia K000263691 Unknown type material
Schimper, W. [2244], Ethiopia K000263692 Unknown type material
Schweinfurth [1916], Ethiopia K000263693 Unknown type material
Tanzania K000263727 Unknown type material
Bojer [s.n.], Tanzania K000263728
Schimper [192], Ethiopia K000263694 syntype

First published in Hortus Maurit.: 104 (1837)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Boj., Hort. Maurit.: 104 (1837).
  • Meikle in Kew Bulletin 6: 179, fig. 5 (1951).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0