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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara & Sahel to Indian Subcontinent.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Afrikanskaya Senna, Alexandrian Senna, Bhuikhakhasa, Bombay Senna, Hindisana, Indian Senna, Kassiya Ostrolistnaya, Sana, Sen, Sen De Espana, Sene, Sene Grandes Feuilles, Senna, Senna-i-Makki, Tinnevelly Senna, True Senna

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 100 m.; Amazonia.
Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Shrub, rarely procumbent, 0.2–3 m high; young branches with short appressed or spreading hairs
Leaves
Leaves (3–)5–15(–25) cm long, eglandular; stipules subulate, linear or narrowly triangular, 3–5(–9) mm long; leaflets (3–)4–8(–13) pairs, lanceolate to elliptic, 1.5–5(–6) x 0.4–1(–1.5) cm, appressed puberulous or pubescent
Inflorescences
Racemes 5–30 cm long; bracts elliptic to obovate, obtuse to shortly acuminate, 5–11 mm long
Calyx
Sepals greenish or hyaline
Corolla
Petals yellow or orange-yellow, 0.7–1.7 cm long
Stamens
Stamens 10: 2 anthers large, 5 medium-sized, 3 small
Fruits
Pods shortly oblong, slightly curved to almost straight, flattened, (3–)4–7 x 1.6–2.6 cm, dehiscent, transversely septate within
Seeds
Seeds transversely arranged, compressed, oblong or oblong-ovate, apiculate near hilum, often emarginate at opposite end, 5–7 x 3.5–4 mm, reticulate or rugose, with a small areole on each face.
Vernacular
Jalelo, jalelo gel (Somali).

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Habit
Shrub 0.3–3 m. high.
Stem
Young stems with appressed puberulence or short spreading pubescence, eglandular.
Leaves
Leaves (3–)5–15 cm. long; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Stipules subulate, linear or narrowly triangular, 3–5 mm. long, up to 1 mm. wide. Leaflets in (3–)4–8(–12) pairs, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or elliptic, 1.5–5.2(–6) cm. long, 0.4–0.9(–1.5) cm. wide, narrowly acute to rounded at apex, with or without a slender mucro up to 1 mm. long, appressed-puberulous or pubescent.
Inflorescences
Racemes (including peduncle) 5–30 cm. long.
Bracts
Bracts subtending flower-buds 0.5–1.1 cm. long, 0.35–0.5 cm. wide.
Corolla
Petals yellow or orange-yellow, 0.7–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–0.9 cm. wide.
Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments straight or nearly so; 2 anthers large, 5 medium, 3 small.
Fruits
Pods (3–)4–7 cm. long, 1.6–2.6 cm. wide, shortly oblong, flattened, slightly and upwardly falcate or sometimes almost straight, dehiscent, transversely septate, not winged or crested, papery.
Seeds
Seeds ± compressed, in same plane as pod, oblong, apiculate near hilum, 6–7 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, 2 mm. thick, reticulate or rugose, with a small areole 1–2 × 0.5–0.7 mm. on each face.

[FWTA]

Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Habit
An undershrub with pale more or less zigzag branchlets
Inflorescences
Erect racemes of yellow flowers
Vernacular
Alexandrian Senna.

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[ILDIS]
Use
Medicine

[FSOM]
Use
Leaves and pods used as a purgative, known as senna, produced commercially from var. alexandrina principally in India.

Native to:

Algeria, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Yemen

Introduced into:

Benin, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Gulf States, Haiti, Iraq, Leeward Is., Mexico Southwest, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Uzbekistan

Senna alexandrina Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 18, 2002 Essou J. P. [1570], Benin K000117633
Sep 18, 2002 Essou, J.P. [1570], Benin K000117632
Kotschy [315], Ethiopia K000232472
Kotschy [40], Sudan K000232473
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.] Cassia senna K000789314

First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 1 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • ILDIS (2010-continuously updated). ILDIS - International Legume Database & Information Service http://www.ildis.org/.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • ILDIS (2010-continuously updated). ILDIS - International Legume Database & Information Service http://www.ildis.org/.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
  • Singh, V. (2001). Monograph on Indian Subtribe Cassiinae (Caesalpiniaceae)
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
  • Irwin, H. S. & Barneby, R. C. (1982). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:1-918[in 2 parts]American Cassiinae
  • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
  • Drobov, V. P. (1955). In: Flora Uzbekistanica, Vol. 3. Taschkent. (Rus)
  • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0