1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senna Mill.
      1. Senna alexandrina Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara & Sahel to Indian Subcontinent.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Afrikanskaya Senna, Alexandrian Senna, Bhuikhakhasa, Bombay Senna, Hindisana, Indian Senna, Kassiya Ostrolistnaya, Sana, Sen, Sen De Espana, Sene, Sene Grandes Feuilles, Senna, Senna-i-Makki, Tinnevelly Senna, True Senna
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 100 m.; Amazonia.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub 0.3–3 m. high.
    Stem
    Young stems with appressed puberulence or short spreading pubescence, eglandular.
    Leaves
    Leaves (3–)5–15 cm. long; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Stipules subulate, linear or narrowly triangular, 3–5 mm. long, up to 1 mm. wide. Leaflets in (3–)4–8(–12) pairs, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or elliptic, 1.5–5.2(–6) cm. long, 0.4–0.9(–1.5) cm. wide, narrowly acute to rounded at apex, with or without a slender mucro up to 1 mm. long, appressed-puberulous or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes (including peduncle) 5–30 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts subtending flower-buds 0.5–1.1 cm. long, 0.35–0.5 cm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow or orange-yellow, 0.7–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–0.9 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments straight or nearly so; 2 anthers large, 5 medium, 3 small.
    Fruits
    Pods (3–)4–7 cm. long, 1.6–2.6 cm. wide, shortly oblong, flattened, slightly and upwardly falcate or sometimes almost straight, dehiscent, transversely septate, not winged or crested, papery.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± compressed, in same plane as pod, oblong, apiculate near hilum, 6–7 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, 2 mm. thick, reticulate or rugose, with a small areole 1–2 × 0.5–0.7 mm. on each face.
    [FWTA]

    Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An undershrub with pale more or less zigzag branchlets
    Inflorescences
    Erect racemes of yellow flowers
    Vernacular
    Alexandrian Senna.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Benin, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Gulf States, Haiti, Iraq, Leeward Is., Mexico Southwest, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Uzbekistan

    Senna alexandrina Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 18, 2002 Essou J. P. [1570], Benin K000117633
    Sep 18, 2002 Essou, J.P. [1570], Benin K000117632
    Kotschy [315], Ethiopia K000232472
    Kotschy [40], Sudan K000232473
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5318] Cassia lanceolata K001120547
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5318] Cassia lanceolata K001120548
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5318] Cassia lanceolata K001120549
    Rottler, J.P. [s.n.] Cassia senna K000789314

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 1 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • ILDIS (2010-continuously updated). ILDIS - International Legume Database & Information Service http://www.ildis.org/.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • ILDIS (2010-continuously updated). ILDIS - International Legume Database & Information Service http://www.ildis.org/.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Singh, V. (2001). Monograph on Indian Subtribe Cassiinae (Caesalpiniaceae)
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Irwin, H. S. & Barneby, R. C. (1982). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:1-918[in 2 parts]American Cassiinae
    • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
    • Drobov, V. P. (1955). In: Flora Uzbekistanica, Vol. 3. Taschkent. (Rus)
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0