1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senna Mill.
      1. Senna italica Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sahara regional transition zone - bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Chotatarado, Italian Senna, Italjanskaya Senna
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Prostrate or ascending shrublet or herb from a woody base, to 15–60 cm high.
    Branches
    Branchlets pale grey-brown, pubescent, weakly longitudinally ridged.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate; stipules 5–6 × 1 mm, narrowly triangular, pubescent, persistent; petiole 0.3–2 cm long, pubescent; rachis 5.5–8 cm long, pubescent, eglandular or with a very small reddish gland between the leaflet pairs; leaflets in (4)5–7(8) pairs, 1.6–3.6 × 0.6–2 cm, the distal largest, oblong to broadly obovate, base broadly cuneate or rounded, slightly asymmetric, apex obtuse to rounded or retuse, usually mucronate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, the margin and midrib beneath more densely pubescent; petiolules up to 1 mm long, glabrous to pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary many-flowered racemes, 7–26 cm long, including the peduncle; bracts c.5 × 3 mm, broadly ovate, acuminate, pubescent, caducous; pedicels 2–3 mm long at anthesis.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, elliptic to obovate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals orange to yellow, obovate, slightly unequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; two fertile with long arcuate anthers and very short filaments; five fertile with short straight anthers and straight filaments; three probably sterile with anthers curved into a semi-circle and straight filaments.
    Pistil
    Ovary flattened, glabrous to villous; style terete; stigma terminal.
    Fruits
    Pod weakly curved to almost straight, flattened, usually bearing distinct crests on the flat faces in the middle of each segment, mucronate (style-base), tardily dehiscent along both sutures.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, 6–7 × 2–3 mm, obovate, flattened, with a narrowly elliptic areole c.2 mm long on each broad face.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen

    Extinct in:

    Socotra

    Introduced into:

    Aruba, Benin, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Transcaucasus, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Common Names

    English
    Eland's pea

    Senna italica Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1997 Vogel, E. [13], Nigeria K000417507
    Nov 1, 1997 Vogel, T. [6], Cape Verde K000417508
    Jul 2, 1991 Roldán, F.J. [1035], Colombia K000556420
    Jan 1, 1980 Miller, O.O. [228], Venezuela K000556423
    Steyermark, Julián A. [94515], Venezuela K000556421
    Steyermark, Julián A. [94519], Venezuela K000556422
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5319], Myanmar Cassia obovata K001120553
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5319] Cassia obovata K001120550
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5319] Cassia obovata K001120551
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5319] Cassia obovata K001120552
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5319] Cassia obovata K001120555
    Schimper, W. [303], Arabian Peninsula Cassia aschrek K000789204 isosyntype
    Schimper, W. [758], Arabian Peninsula Cassia aschrek K000789205 isosyntype

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 2 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Filimban, F.Z. & al. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXX Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 117-132.
    • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Rechinger, K.H. (1986). Flora Iranica 160: 1-11. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Singh, V. (2001). Monograph on Indian Subtribe Cassiinae (Caesalpiniaceae)
    • Lock, J. M. & Simpson, K. (1991). Legumes of West Asia: A Checklist. RBG, Kew.
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Irwin, H. S. & Barneby, R. C. (1982). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:1-918[in 2 parts]American Cassiinae
    • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
    • Drobov, V. P. (1955). In: Flora Uzbekistanica, Vol. 3. Taschkent. (Rus)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/