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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to S. Pacific.
Tephrosia purpurea

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect to procumbent annual or short-lived perennial, up to 80(–150) cm tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-rhachis up to 8 cm long, including a petiole of less than 1 cm
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 9–17(–21), elliptic-oblong to obovate-oblong, c. 10–20 x 4–8(–10) mm, pubescent on both sides or beneath only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers reddish-purple or pink in lax pseudoracemes, sometimes also in the upper leaf-axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent, c. 3–4.5 mm long, with narrowly triangular lobes, the lowest 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pubescent, 6–9 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style glabrous, c. 2.5 mm long, not twisted, curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod slightly upcurved towards the tip, (25–)40–45(–60) x 3–4.5 mm (in Somalia), strigulose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 6–9, c. 3 x 1.5–2 mm.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Akatafotsy, Brusca Cimarrona, Faux Indigo, Gam-pila, Hora, Indigo, Indigo Rouge, Indigo Sauvage, Katafotsy, Kavilai, Kawati, Kimahandzy, Kolinchi, Makalala, Pila, Tephrosia, Tsarinetsy, Tuva, Russiakei

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect or spreading annual or short-lived perennial herb, up to 80(–150) cm. tall.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-rhachis up to 8 cm. long, including a petiole of under 1 cm., prolonged ± 3 mm. beyond the lateral leaflets; stipules narrowly triangular; leaflets 9–17(–21), elliptic-oblong, ± 2 cm. long and 6 mm. wide, truncate or rounded at the apex, shortly mucronate, sparsely striguloseto silky pubescent beneath; main nerves ± 7 on each side.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers reddish-purple or bright pink, in slender lax leaf-opposed pseudoracemes, a few also in the upper leaf-axils; bracts narrowly triangular, ± 4 mm. long; pedicels ± 4 mm. long, pubescent or strigulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx brown, appressed strigulose to spreading pubescent; tube ±1.5 mm. long; teeth narrowly triangular, the lowest ± 3 mm., others ± 2 mm. long, upper pair ± one-third united.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard white pubescent outside, 6–9 mm. long and wide; keel glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Upper filament lightly attached, widened, but not bent or callous, 1.5 mm. above the base; filament-sheath ± 6 mm., free parts ± 2 mm., anthers 0.3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style glabrous, linear, gently curved, ± 2.5 mm. long, not penicillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod gently upcurved towards the tip, 4–4.5(–6) cm. long, ± 4(–6.5) mm. wide, shortly strigulose; distance between the centres of adjacent seeds greater than the width of the pod; pubescent style-base horizontal or gently downcurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 6–9, mottled, longitudinal, subcylindrical, ± 3 mm. by 1.5 mm.; hilum central, hardly arillate.
Distribution
Tropical Africa southwards to Natal, southern Asia, ? Australia, introduced in tropical America

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
barbasco

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by R.K. Brummitt

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial. Annual or perennial.
Morphology Stem
Stems procumbent, ascending or erect, up to 70(100) cm high or sometimes (subsp. altissima) up to 150 cm, sometimes woody in the lower parts and forming a low bush, appressed or spreading-pubescent to densely white- or silvery-grey pubescent and sericeous. Stems procumbent, ascending or erect, up to 70(100) cm high or sometimes (subsp. altissima) up to 150 cm, sometimes woody in the lower parts and forming a low bush, appressed or spreading-pubescent to densely white- or silvery-grey pubescent and sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnate with (3)4–10(11) pairs of leaflets; petiole 0.1–3.5 cm long, petiole and rachis together (1.5)3–10(13) cm long; leaflets (0.5)0.8–4(4.5) × (0.2)0.3–1(1.3) cm, elliptic or obovate to oblong or oblanceolate, cuneate at the base, rounded to truncate at the apex; upper surface glabrous to silky, lower surface thinly appressed-pubescent to silky; stipules (0.5)1–8 × 0.2–1.5 mm, shortly triangular to linear-triangular. Leaves pinnate with (3)4–10(11) pairs of leaflets; petiole 0.1–3.5 cm long, petiole and rachis together (1.5)3–10(13) cm long; leaflets (0.5)0.8–4(4.5) × (0.2)0.3–1(1.3) cm, elliptic or obovate to oblong or oblanceolate, cuneate at the base, rounded to truncate at the apex; upper surface glabrous to silky, lower surface thinly appressed-pubescent to silky; stipules (0.5)1–8 × 0.2–1.5 mm, shortly triangular to linear-triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal and leaf-opposed racemes 2–20(24) cm long; bracts 0.5–5 × 0.1–0.7 mm; pedicels 2–6(8) mm long. Flowers in terminal and leaf-opposed racemes 2–20(24) cm long; bracts 0.5–5 × 0.1–0.7 mm; pedicels 2–6(8) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (1)2–4(6) mm long, appressed spreading-pubescent; lateral teeth approximately equalling the tube or rather longer. Calyx (1)2–4(6) mm long, appressed spreading-pubescent; lateral teeth approximately equalling the tube or rather longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (5)6–10 mm long, purple or pinkish. Petals (5)6–10 mm long, purple or pinkish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube joined above. Staminal tube joined above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pubescent; style glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pubescent; style glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 26–60 × 4–6.5 mm, dark brown, shortly pubescent. Pods 26–60 × 4–6.5 mm, dark brown, shortly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (4)6–10(11), 3–4 × 2–2.5 × 1–1.2 mm, ± rhomboid or oblongoid, with a very small aril at the middle of one of the longer sides, not markedly closely packed, the distance between the centres of adjacent seeds being greater than the breadth of the pod. Seeds (4)6–10(11), 3–4 × 2–2.5 × 1–1.2 mm, ± rhomboid or oblongoid, with a very small aril at the middle of one of the longer sides, not markedly closely packed, the distance between the centres of adjacent seeds being greater than the breadth of the pod.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 75 - 150 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A variable perennial, 6–18 in. high, more or less erect, woody at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers purple or pink in very lax racemes with the lowest flowers appearing axillary and solitary
Ecology
In dry waste places.

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Toxins, Weed

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hawaii, Jamaica, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 5, 2011 Hatschbach, G.G. [78728], Brazil K000921526
Jul 11, 2007 Silva, J.S. [157], Brazil K000921528
Apr 23, 2007 Córdula, E. [220], Brazil K000921529
Nov 27, 2006 Hatschbach, G.G. [75597], Brazil K000921527
Jul 1, 1982 Kerr, A.F.Gg. [11022], Thailand K000848915
Cunningham [152], Australia K000217157
Cunningham [271], Australia K000217149
Brown [4119], Australia K000217158
Schrire, B.D. [2200], South Africa 62717.000
Schrire, B.D. [2155], South Africa 62821.000
Schrire, B.D. [2188], South Africa 62825.000
Thonning [s.n.], Ghana K000262589 Unknown type material
Hinton, G.B. [5180], Mexico K000119481
leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000217109
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000217119
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000217047
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000217078
Wight [5639] K000848875
Heyne [5639] K000848876
Wight [5639] K000848877
Wight [898], India K000848883
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5638] K001121534
Dutra, E.A. [7], Bahia K000188147
s.coll. [s.n.] K000848878
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000217114
Queiroz, L.P. [3718], Bahia K000188148
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 5638], Mauritius K001121538
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5638] K001121536
Wight [897], India K000848882
McFadyen [s.n.], Jamaica K000502616
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5638] K001121537
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000217096
s.coll. [5162], Bangladesh K000848884
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5638] K001121535

First published in Syn. Pl. 2: 329 (1807)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
  • Milgahid, A.M. (1989). Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3, 2: 1-282. University Libraries, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 1: 190
  • Cronq. in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 98.
  • —F.T.A. 2: 124 (incl. var. pubescens Bak.)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Syn. Pl. 2: 239 (1807).
  • —Baker f., Legum. Trop. Africa: 190 (1926).
  • —Baker in F.T.A. 2: 124 (1871)
  • —Brummitt in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér.2, 41: 235 (1968).
  • —Eyles in Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 5: 376 (1916).
  • —Forbes in Bothalia 4: 974 (1948).
  • —Gillett in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 186 (1971).
  • —Gomes e Sousa, Pl. Menyharth.: 72 (1936).
  • —Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed.2, 1: 530 (1958).
  • —R.E.Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 84 (1914).
  • —Suessenguth & Merxmüller in Proc. & Trans. Rhod. Sci. Assoc. 43: 26 (1951).
  • —Torre in C.F.A. 3: 153 (1962).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
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