1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trifolium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Trifolium baccarinii Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and Tanzania.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A herb up to 8 in. high
    Flowers
    Bluish purple (occasionally white) flowers.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual herb; stems prostrate, in overgrazed areas, and occasionally rooting at the nodes or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaflets elliptic or obovate, cuneate at the base, usually emarginate at the tip, the teeth small (up to 0·2 mm. long) and not ending in a subulate tip; main nerves 11–17 on each side at an angle of 50°–60° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences ±12 mm. across; peduncle up to 4 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–2 mm. long, as long as the calyx-tube.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube pointed at the base, ±1·5 mm. long, the commissural nerves often divided low down or at least well below the tip; teeth 2–3 mm. long, tapering gradually.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple or whitish; standard 3–4 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens ± 2·5 mm. long.
    Ovules
    Ovules 2.
    Fruits
    Pod ± 2·5 by 1·6 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds oval, brown, ± 1·1 by 0·9 mm.
    Note
    Often confused with T. rueppellianum, from which it is most reliably distinguished by the venation of the calyx. Cleistogamous.
    Habitat
    Heavily grazed grassland; 1200–2100 m., rarely up to 2500 m.; rainfall 900–2100 mm.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T1 T2 T4 T7 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Trifolium baccarinii Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13564], Cameroon K000580179
    Dec 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [682], Cameroon K000746606
    Sep 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9388], Cameroon K000107521
    Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13225], Cameroon K000087129
    Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13225], Cameroon K000087130
    Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13367], Cameroon K000087035
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [882], Cameroon K000087037
    Schimper [64], Ethiopia K000226944
    Schimper [64], Ethiopia K000226946
    Chiovenda [2155], Ethiopia K000226945 Unknown type material
    Mc Culloch, J. [3], Cameroon K000087349

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 57 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. Congo Belge 4: 298
    • Jac.-Fél. in Agronom Trop. 8: 288, t. 1 A.
    • Gillett in Kew Bull. 1952: 391, fig. 4, 1
    • Ann. Bot. Rom. 9: 57 (1911)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gillett in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 553 (1958).
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 11: 164 (1956)
    • Gillett in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 298 (1953)
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 7: 391, fig. 4/1 (1952)
    • Fiori in N. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 55: 336, fig. 4 (1949).
    • Chiov. in Ann. Bot. Roma 9: 57 (1911).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Zohary, M. & Heller, D. (1984). The Genus Trifolium. Jerusalem.
    • Gillett, J. B. (1952). Kew Bull. 7:367-404. Trifolium in Africa

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0