1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trifolium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Trifolium burchellianum Ser.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Afromontane (upland) shrubland ('moorland')., Afromontane bamboo thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial herb with a taproot; stems glabrous, or nearly so, creeping and rooting at the nodes or, less often, ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or nearly so, with a well-developed free petiole; free part of stipule (in Flora area) triangular, tapering gradually to the tip, much shorter than the base; leaflets cuneate-obovate, cuneate-oblong or cuneate-elliptic, less often oblong, emarginate or, less often, truncate or rounded at the tip, up to 25(–50) by 19 mm. wide; teeth rather small; main nerves 10–15 on each side at ± 50° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences many-flowered, ± globular, up to 3 cm. across; peduncle longer than subtending leaf, pilose towards the top; bracts 0–5·2 mm. long; pedicels stout, 2–2·5 mm. long, ± erect in fruit, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous except for a few hairs at the margin; tube 11-nerved, 2–3 mm. long; teeth triangular for ± 0·5 mm. at the base only, then subulate, in all 4–7 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple; standard 8–13 mm. long; blade of wing straight, ± oblong, its auricle less than 0·5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous or minutely scabrid-punctate, 2(less often 3 or 4)-ovulate.
    Fruits
    Pod ± 5 by 3 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, dark brown, irregularly oval, ± 2·1 by 1·8 mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda

    Introduced into:

    Queensland

    Trifolium burchellianum Ser. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Forbes [s.n.], South Africa K000226776
    Welwitsch [1901], Angola K000226773
    Welwitsch [1901b], Angola K000226774
    Wallich [s.n.], South Africa K000226778
    Bowie [s.n.], South Africa K000226780
    Burchell, W.J. [516], South Africa K000226781 Unknown type material
    Burchell, W.J. [3779], South Africa K000226782
    Burchell, W.J. [6020], South Africa K000226783
    Ecklon, U.J. [807], South Africa K000226779 Unknown type material
    Gill [s.n.], South Africa K000226777

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 200 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gilett in Kew Bulletin 24: 217 (1970).
    • Gilett in Kew Bulletin 7: 381 (1952)
    • Harv. in Fl. Cap. 2: 159 (1862).
    • Ser. in DC., Prodr. 2: 200 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0