1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trifolium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Trifolium multinerve (Hochst.) A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Rwanda.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Afromontane (upland) shrubland ('moorland').
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or possibly perennial subglabrous herb; stems erect, up to 27 cm. tall or, if procumbent, not rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Stipules under 1 cm. long, attached for half to two-thirds of their length, the free tips tapering gradually into long filiform points; petiole 1–5 cm. long; leaflets oblanceolate, acute or rarely rounded at the tip, up to 20 by 6 mm.; teeth fairly large; main nerves 5–7 on each side, at 20°–30° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–6-flowered; peduncle 1–4 cm. long; bracts minute; pedicel 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparingly pilose at the margin; tube 3–4 mm. long, 15–30-nerved, rather inflated but splitting down the upper side in fruit; teeth as long as or slightly longer than the tube, triangular, subulate at the tip.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple; standard cuneate-obovate, 7–8 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens ±7 mm. long.
    Ovules
    Ovules 5–9.
    Fruits
    Pod glabrous, beaked, ±7–8 by 2·5 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, oval-oblong, ±1·6 by 1 mm.; hilum at one end.
    Habitat
    Short upland grassland and moorland, especially in moist places; 1800–3650 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Trifolium multinerve (Hochst.) A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [300], Ethiopia K000226956 Unknown type material
    Schimper [300], Ethiopia K000226957 Unknown type material
    Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000226958

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 175 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 24: 220 (1970).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 121 (1957).
    • Gillett in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 299 (1953).
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 7: 395, fig. 5 (1952)
    • Fiori in N. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 55: 341, fig. 15 (1949).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 56 (1871).
    • A. Rich., Tent. F1. Abyss. 1: 175 (1847).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0