1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trifolium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Eritrea and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual herb.
    Stem
    Stems erect, sometimes prostrate, glabrous, not rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; leaflets elliptic or obovate, rounded, truncate or less often retuse at the apex, cuneate at the base, glabrous, the lateral nerves c. 10 on each side, ending in strongly developed, subulate teeth up to 0.5 mm long; petioles up to 5 cm long in the lower leaves, c. 3 mm long and ± wholly adnate to the stipules in the upper leaves; stipules up to 15 mm long, acuminate at the apex, 3–4-nerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence ± globose, 15–30-flowered; peduncle many times longer than the subtending petiole, pilose near the top; bracts up to 3 mm long, linear-lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers with pedicels up to 2 mm long, shorter than the calyx tube, glabrous or pilose.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous, except sometimes for a few hairs on the margin; tube pale, strongly 11-nerved, the commissural nerves always undivided to the top; teeth 2–5 mm long, abruptly narrowed near the base, subulate for most of their length, exceeding the corolla.
    Corolla
    Corolla pink or purple; standard oblong, rounded at the apex; wings with blade longer than the claw, with a well developed auricle.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod 3–4 × 2 mm, 2–3 seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane (upland) shrubland ('moorland')., Afromontane grassland, Afromontane (upland) anthropic landscapes
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual; stems glabrous, erect or, less often, prostrate, not rooting at the nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or nearly so; stipules up to 15 mm. long, with 3–4 nerves, united to petiole for ±two-thirds of their length, the tips entire, acuminate; petiole only a few mm. long and sometimes wholly adnate to the stipules in the upper leaves, up to 5 cm. long in the lower leaves; leaflets oval, oblong or obovate, rarely broadly lanceolate, less than 3 times as long as wide, rounded, truncate or less often emarginate at the tip, rarely acute, up to 24 mm. long and 14 mm. wide; teeth strongly developed, up to 0·5 mm. long, often with subulate tips; main nerves 10–15 on each side, at 40–50° with the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences ± globose, typically 15–30-flowered and ± 17 mm. across, sometimes few-flowered in stunted plants especially at high altitudes; peduncle pilose near the top, many times longer than the subtending petiole; bracts minute or linear-lanceolate, up to 3 mm. long; pedicel glabrous or pilose, up to 2 mm. long, shorter than the calyx-tube, suberect in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous, except sometimes for a few hairs on the margin, the tube pale, rounded at the base, strongly 11-nerved, the com-missural nerves almost always undivided to the top; teeth abruptly narrowed near the base, subulate for most of their length, 2–5 mm. long, sometimes exceeding the corolla.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple or rarely white; wings with a well-developed auricle.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous; ovules 2–3, less often 4 or 5.
    Fruits
    Pod 3–4 by ± 2 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds oval, brown, ± 1·5 by 1 mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New Guinea, Queensland

    Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [778], Cameroon K000087341
    Schimper [303], Ethiopia K000226951
    Schimper [303], Ethiopia K000226949
    Schimper [303], Ethiopia K000226950
    Mann [603], Bioko K000226924
    Migeod, F. [203], Cameroon K000087340
    Preuss P. R. [972], Cameroon K000087346 Unknown type material
    Preuss P. R. [972], Cameroon K000087345 Unknown type material
    Maitland T. D. [0s.n128], Cameroon K000181781

    First published in Flora 22: 51 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 24: 219 (1970).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 120 (1957), pro parte, excl. specim. Rogers & Gardner
    • Gillett in Gillett in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 4:296 (1953)
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 7: 389, fig. 4/2-6 (1952)
    • Fiori in N. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 55: 337, fig. 6 (1949).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 58 (1871).
    • Fresen. in Flora 22: 51 (1839).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0