1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Trifolium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Trifolium tembense Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Rwanda and Tanzania.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane; alpine zone vegetation., Afromontane grassland, Afromontane (upland) shrubland ('moorland').
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, glabrous or subglabrous, erect or prostrate herb, sometimes rooting at the nodes when growing in water.
    Leaves
    Stipules united with petiole for most of its length, the free part abruptly contracted to a fine point; petioles as short as 5 mm. in the upper leaves, where they may be wholly fused with the stipules, up to 5 cm. long in the lower leaves; leaflets elliptic or obovate, cuneate at the base, acute, rounded, truncate or slightly emar-ginate at the apex, up to 17 by 10 mm.; teeth strongly developed, with subulate tips; main nerves 8–10 on each side, at 40°–60° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences hemispherical, 3–16-flowered, up to 23 mm. across; peduncle up to 7 cm. long; bracts oblong, whitish, 1–2 mm. long, usually 2–3-toothed at the tip; pedicels up to 3 mm. long, ± erect in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparingly pilose at the margins only; tube ± 2 mm. long, broadly campanulate, strongly 11-nerved, the commissural nerves undivided to the top; teeth ± 5 mm. long, gradually narrowing from the base, which is ± 1·5 mm. wide, with broad scarious margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla purple; standard ± 9 mm. long, abruptly narrowed above the middle into an oblongtruncate down-curved tip.
    Stamens
    Stamens rt 6 mm. long.
    Ovules
    Ovules 3–8, usually 4–6.
    Fruits
    Pod glabrous, 5–7 by ± 3 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, oval, flattened, ± 2 by 1·3 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 142/8, 9, p. 1017.
    Habitat
    Wet places, sometimes in shallow water, in upland grassland, forest, moorland and alpine zones; 2000–3800 m. or rarely, by water, as low as 1400 m.; rainfall 1000–1100 mm. and over
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T7 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Trifolium tembense Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000226943

    First published in Flora 22: 51 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 120 (1957).
    • Gillett in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 298 (1953).
    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 7: 391, fig. 4/5 (1952)
    • Fiori in N. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 55: 336, fig. 3 (1949).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2:59 (1871).
    • Fresen. in Flora 22:51 (1839).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0