1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Mimulopsis Schweinf.
      1. Mimulopsis solmsii Schweinf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A coarse herb or undershrub up to 12 ft. high, with 4-angled pithy stems
    Inflorescences
    Viscid-hairy inflorescence of lilac or pale violet flowers 1 in. long.
    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Semien Mts, Ghaba Valley, Steudner 1497 (K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Erect or scrambling/scandent shrubby herb to 3(–5) m tall, often forming large almost impenetrable thickets and covering large areas as a “monoculture”; whole plant usually with an overpowering aromatic or foetid smell; young stems subglabrous to sericeous-puberulent with downwardly directed hairs (very rarely tomentose)
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole of stem-leaves 2.5–10(–11.5) cm long; lamina of stem-leaves ovate to broadly cordiform, 7–21 × 3–15 cm, apex acuminate to cuspidate, base subcordate to cordate with sinus to 1 cm deep, margin grossly crenate-dentate with teeth to 1(–2) cm long, sparsely sericeous-puberulent to -pubescent, usually only along midrib and main veins (rarely subglabrous)
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an open branched panicle with long spreading branches, usually also with long branches developing lateral panicles from basal nodes or upper leaf axils, (10–)15–35 cm long; flowers in lax dichasia with up to 9 flowers or solitary towards apex of panicle; bracts green, leafy, persistent, indumentum as leaves; branches and pedicels sericeous-puberulent to puberulous or densely so and with sparse to dense long capitate glands; pediels to 5(–10) mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulent to puberulous and with scattered to dense long purplish glands (rarely subsessile or absent); dorsal lobe (5–)8–21(–30 in fruit) mm long, ventral and lateral (5–)7–19(–28 in fruit) mm long; lobes linear to lanceolate, narrowly elliptic or narrowly spathulate, 0.5–2 mm wide, subacute
    Corolla
    Corolla white to pale mauve with brown throat and one or two yellow patches on lower lip, throat with dense band of long hairs on lower lip, sparser on lateral lobes and only a few or none on dorsal lobes, 17–30(–33) mm long, cylindric part of tube 1–2(–3) mm long, throat 7–19 mm long; papillate area on lower lip of two separate elipsoid patches or fused to one; lobes all similar, broadly elliptic, 8–12(–15) × 6–10(–14) mm
    Filaments
    Free part of filaments 2–5 mm long and fused free part ± 1 mm, glabrous or longer with scattered hairs; anthers 3–5 mm long, spur 1.5–2 mm long
    Stigma
    Stigma ± 2 mm long, dorsal lobe absent.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely hairy and glandular in apical 1/2– 2/3 or all over
    Fruits
    Capsule 15–24(–26) mm long, hairy and glandular all over or glabrous in basal half, more rarely (in Tanzania) only hairy at the very tip
    Seeds
    Seed 4–6 × 3.5–5 mm
    Figures
    Fig 34, p224
    Ecology
    Evergreen montane forest, including bamboo forest, often on edges or in clearings, also in secondary forest and upland grassland and bushland derived from forest; (1200–)1500–2700 m
    Note
    The most common and widespread species in the genus and consequently also the most variable, but there seems to be no satisfactory way of dividing the multitude of local forms into distinct taxonomic entities. Reported several times from different parts of its area as flowering at intervals of seven years. C.B.Clarke (l.c.) cites the type collection of Mimulopsis spathulata as Scott Elliot 6060, but there seems little doubt that this was a transcription error on the duplicate which he saw in Berlin.
    Distribution
    Range: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko, CongoKinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe Flora districts: T2 T3 T4 K3 K4 K5 K6 K 7 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mimulopsis solmsii Schweinf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2602], Cameroon K000436155
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2279], Cameroon K000437552
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2602], Cameroon K000746007
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4413], Cameroon K000027240
    Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4325], Cameroon K000109343
    Jan 1, 2001 Plot Voucher [B 4], Cameroon K000190219
    Jan 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8568], Cameroon K000339117
    Jan 1, 1999 Cable, S. [3004], Cameroon K000339115
    Jan 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3386], Cameroon K000339119
    Jan 1, 1999 Pollard, B.J. [45], Cameroon K000339118
    Jan 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [604], Cameroon K000339116
    Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9421], Cameroon K000011397
    Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9422], Cameroon K000011398
    Jan 1, 1993 Cheek, M. [3659a], Cameroon K000518947
    Jan 1, 1993 Cheek, M. [3660], Cameroon K000518948
    Dec 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13465], Cameroon K000029087
    Jan 1, 1961 Morton, J.K. [693], Cameroon K000029090
    Jun 1, 1960 Hepper, F.N. [2208], Cameroon K000029094
    Jan 1, 1960 Brenan, J.P.M. [0s.n.3], Cameroon K000029089
    Oct 3, 1951 Scott Elliot, G.F. [6960], Kenya K000394141 isotype
    Oct 3, 1951 Thom [s.n.], Tanzania K000394139 syntype
    Oct 3, 1951 Preuss P. R. [814], Cameroon K000029095 Unknown type material
    Oct 3, 1951 Preuss P. R. [814], Cameroon K000029096 Unknown type material
    Oct 3, 1951 Preuss P. R. [1056], Cameroon K000029097 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1951 Maitland, T.D. [1314], Cameroon K000029084
    Jan 1, 1951 Maitland, T.D. [1011], Cameroon K000029085
    Jan 1, 1951 Maitland, T.D. [1011], Cameroon K000029086
    Jan 1, 1951 Mann, G. [1965], Cameroon K000029081
    Jan 1, 1951 Mann, G. [1260], Cameroon K000029082
    Jan 1, 1951 Mann, G. [1260], Cameroon K000029083
    Jan 1, 1951 Dunlap [26], Cameroon K000029091
    Jan 1, 1951 Dunlap [54], Cameroon K000029092
    Nov 26, 1896 Steudner [1497], Ethiopia K000394145
    Tweedie, E.M. [1090], Kenya 4279.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [734], Uganda 13099.000
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8926], Cameroon K000029088
    Thom [s.n.], Tanzania K000394140 syntype
    Patel, H. [7402], Mozambique K000613664
    Mphamba, S. [13], Mozambique K000613704
    Jan 1, 1983 Reekmans, M. [6991], Burundi Mimulopsis solmsii var. orophila K000394146 holotype
    Keay, R.W. [28403], Cameroon Mimulopsis violacea 4280.000

    First published in Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 677 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Milne-Redhead in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 21 (1954).
    • F.T.A. 5: 55
    • in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 677 (1868)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.E.E. 5: 383 (2006).
    • Biol. Skr. 51(2): 450 (2005)
    • White et al., For. Fl. Malawi: 118 (2001)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 495 (1997)
    • K.T.S.L.: 605 (1994)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 269, pl. 117 (1994)
    • Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(3): 162 (1991)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 394, pl. 126 (1987)
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 474 (1985)
    • U.K.W.F.: 587 (1974)
    • Binns, Checklist Herb. Fl. Malawi: 15 (1968)
    • E.P.A.: 932 (1964)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 403 (1963)
    • F.P.S. 3: 183 (1956)
    • F.T.A. 5: 55 (1899)
    • E.J. 18: 63 (1893)
    • Engler, Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 388 (1892)
    • Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 677 (1868)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0